Retrofit Floor Tile & Secure Toilet Flange - What Mortar to Use? Locate and mark the areas where you will drill. Or half the floor could be missing. Press firmly all the way around the wax ring, but don’t deform it. You can also apply some mild detergent to make this task easier. On either concrete or wooden subflooring, the toilet flange should be properly screwed to the floor. A badly rocking toilet can lead to a leaky wax seal. The two closet bolts that anchor the toilet base to the flange must be properly secured to the flange. Set your toilet flange into position on top of the tile with the back holes lined up parallel to the wall behind and the two slots parallel to the two walls on each side of the toilet. The toilet flange, also known as a closet flange, is the part of the toilet that secures the unit to the floor which connects to the drain pipe. One you've secured the toilet to the flange by tightening the two toilet bolts, protect the wood floor with caulk. You could improvise something easily enough, but they make, I recently faced this issue. Use a sharpie and trace around the lower portion of the flange on the tile. The installation process is the same for a tile floor, a hardwood or carpeted bathroom floor. It shouldn't be moving. First thing to do is pop the toilet off and take a look. Several factors can determine how easy or difficult it is to repair or replace a toilet flange in an existing bathroom. It might be as easy as the original plumber not screwing the flange down or one of the bolt slots being broken. Caulk will conceal evidence of leaking at the flange. The floor flange is a durable ring that fits over the drainage pipe, creating a solid foundation for the toilet. There's a ton of good info on youtube, such as. 14 Tighten nuts on closet bolts. Once you lift the toilet off the flange, you’ll usually find that flange replacement is a manageable DIY project; however, you may decide it’s best to call a plumber in some circumstances. Instead, they secure to a toilet flange. The flange leads to the soil stack, a large drain pipe designed to carry a large volume of liquid, etc. Think of this flange as a strong metal or plastic ring. Clean the underside of the toilet as well as the floor. Your plumber will often have the tools and fittings to accomplish this fix much easier and cheaper than trying to acquire or rent specialized tools and locate the proper fittings to make the repair. If you have replaced a wax seal, you can also replace a flange, or repair it. Would a couple of carefully placed shims keep things generally immobile enough? Toilet flange extender – if the existing flange is glued to the drainpipe; Bolts – buy some new toilet flange bolts so that they can be replaced with old ones in case they have been rusted or worn out. I. I changed the wax seal, tightened the screws, shimmed the toilet level and then piped in the grout into the gaps using a heavy plastic bag with the corner cut off. Step 4- The Installation. The toilet flange serves 2 significant purposes, which are to hold the toilet bowl to the bathroom floor and to provide a seal between the waste drain pipeline and the bottom of the toilet. The focus at that moment is looking for how to secure the toilet to floor. Caulking will trap the leak, directing it into the sub floor. It might be as easy as the original plumber not screwing the flange down or one of the bolt slots being broken. We started this website to answer some questions you have regarding your bathroom! All posts copyright their original authors. Ask MetaFilter is a question and answer site that covers nearly any question on earth, where members help each other solve problems. Simply push this down into the old closet flange and secure it to the wood subfloor with galvanized or stainless steel screws. Start by removing your toilet and breaking the outer flange portion off. Leaks and foul odors are the usual results of a broken bolt ring. The answer is a definitive yes. Clear or colored silicone caulk are both suitable to caulk the toilet to the floor. Remove the rag from the drain so that you can install the new flange. Place it on the floor and tighten the bolts around it, the bolts stick out of the floor and attach with the toilet. Secure the new flange to the subfloor with the provided hardware. Don't pay expensive plumbers and home repair service fees when you can do it yourself. Okay so I can just screw directly to the sub floor and the toilet will have a recess larger than the flange diameter such that the toilet will sit flush with the floor? Toilets should be caulked to the floor to prevent side-to-side movement that can break the wax seal (and to prevent splashes or overflows from puddling under the toilet and rotting the floor). This takes some effort, and you must be careful not to damage the drainpipe itself. It’s an a Push Tite gasketed closet flange. If the sub floor around the flange is damaged then nothing is going to keep the toilet secure. Thank goodness for that!! The type of subflooring determines the method you should use to anchor your toilet flange correctly. Then, place the flange over the stub-out and turn it until the slots for the bolts that secure the toilet are by the flange's side in relation to the wall that is behind the toilet. I'm looking for a way to secure the toilet to the floor without demolishing my bathroom. Tips on Creating a Secure and Level Toilet Flange Floor Written by Doityourself Staff. Measure the inner diameter of the sewer drain pipe or take a photograph using a camera phone so you can buy the exact flange in case you need to replace it. Making the repair properly when you have the chance is always the best option to prevent bigger problems down the line. Is the PVC flange split from being tightened too much or something? Depending on what kind of flange it is, replacing it might be very easy. In many cases, the suggestion is to consult a plumber. Install Toilet on Concrete With No Closet Flange: What do you do if you remove an old toilet and discover that the closet bolts are rusted out, there is no closet flange, and the waste line is made of terra cotta? Or, you might have removed the toilet to lay new flooring during a bathroom remodel and notice that the toilet flange is cracked broken or seems loose. A rocking toilet can lead to leaks and all sorts of other problems. A badly broken, cracked, or loose toilet flange calls for replacing the entire toilet flange. If your flange is loose or deteriorating, it can leak and erode the surrounding flooring, causing significant damage over time. The flange should be placed over the pipe so it lays flat against the concrete floor. I'm pretty handy except when it comes to things like plumbing and electrical where I know one small goof is a major screw up. How do you secure a toilet flange to tile? The type of sub-floor is another consideration, especially if the toilet flange needs to be raised or lowered to fit properly. Look at the problem and think about several things. No way to tell without looking. I think you're right not to mess with the flange until you can afford to do a proper fix. Does a toil flange need to be screwed to the floor? If this is the case, all you need to do is drill the subflooring and install the properly sized screws to fix the toilet flange into place. Make sure both bolts are at equal distances from the back wall, which will ensure that the toilet tank will be parallel to the wall. There’s no need to use an adhesive when installing a gasket-sealed PVC flange. Cast Iron pipe joints are usually lead soldered, which is relatively easy to deal with from above the floor. But when I pulled up the toilet last night, the entire flange came up with it. If you don't level this floor correctly, then it will cause your toilet to rock. This site is owned and operated by Jesper Lampi. Measure the depth and width of the gluing edge of the bowl. Attach using your used or new screws and bolts. I will be using plumbers Putty and cauke to additionally secure the toilet in place. Re: securing toilet flange to floor; Author: Anonymous User OK, I checked the flange again, and at this particular moment it's held pretty securely by grout, as it must have been for the last 3 days. Or half the floor could be missing. Pictures at that point would help with suggestions. The box rotted out and damaged the toilet. When the subfloor is concrete, as is often the case with basement bathrooms or other slab foundation situations, replacing the flange is no easy matter, since it can be quite hard to drill holes in concrete to secure the new flange. The flange is secured to the floor with screws driven down through the outer bolt rail and into the subfloor. There's probably grout in tubes but it's how I did it. If the height of your flange needs to be adjusted, remove the bolts and flange so that repairs can be made and the flange height adjusted. The biggest challenge to replacing a toilet flange on cast iron pipe is often getting the broken toilet flange free. I didn't know if I had to build a box frame between joists to screw flange to and cut a hole in sub floor the size of the o.d. Once the toilet flange has been secured to the floor, put on bolts to attach the toilet to the flange, place the wax ring in the proper position, and put the toilet back in place. I'm wondering if the concrete flooor will give enough support to the flange without additional bolts in this case. You could try a rubber wax seal replacement, a flange repair kit, a flange widener. You just don’t want to use anything that's flexible or liable to shrink. Next, move your caulk gun to the inset depth you just measured and apply caulk directly to the floor, maintaining the inset depth as you follow the tape. Set your toilet flange into position on top of the tile with the back holes lined up parallel to the wall behind and the two slots parallel to the two walls on each side of the toilet. 1 Turn off water to toilet by closing shut-off valve. 13 Set toilet back into place; press down to compress gasket. Step 4- The Installation. How to Anchor a Toilet Flange in a Tile Floor. Locate and mark the areas where you will drill. Do you know what kind of flange it is or what kind of pipe the flange is going into? Tip the toilet on its side and install a new wax ring seal in the drain hole, then carefully set the toilet onto the drain hole, making sure the flange bolts come through the holes on the sides of the toilet. With the toilet flange properly anchored to the subfloor, you are ready to reset your toilet for what should be many more years of trouble-free service. Using a paint scraper or a putty knife, try to remove some wax remaining in the flange. Like I said, it's been this way for 20 years. If everything looks good, drill pilot holes through the anchor holes in the flange and use wood screws to secure the toilet flange to the subfloor. The keys to success are precise measurements (so that you purchase the right-sized replacement flange) and extra attention to ensure that the toilet sits flush on the floor at the end of the project. 2 Flush toilet and hold down the lever to empty tank. It's essential that your toilet flange floor be level before you install your toilet. If this component is no longer able to perform either of these functions, it may need to be replaced. No matter what the problem or how severe, the goal is to keep things flowing properly. How do you secure a toilet flange to tile? 15 Trim bolts with hacksaw. Below the toilet, you’ll see the flange which should also be secured with bolts or similar hardware. Push-Tite Toilet Flanges Click image for more info. Apparently the builder did not fasten the flange to the floor. You could pay someone $$$$$ to jack hammer out half of your basement floor and connec… Secure the flange by using a screwdriver and screws. Then, place the flange over the stub-out and turn it until the slots for the bolts that secure the toilet are by the flange's side in relation to the wall that is behind the toilet. Repairing a toilet flange on a concrete floor is something that anyone can do with a little preparation and knowledge. If you have ever replaced the toilet bowl bolts, you probably wondered why they had to be such a specific material. The holes to mount a typical flange line up with the lip of the clay pipe and it wouldn't hold the flange. At this point we don't know if the flooring installer just failed to reinstall the hold down bolts or if they loosen the floor flange from the concrete to run the laminate under the flange. The new bolts will secure the flange against the bottom of the toilet. Save Share. These toilet flange repair kits are useful if the only damage to the toilet flange is a broken or rusted bolt ring. at high speeds. I have never understood why the US still uses wax seals on toilets when the rest of the world moved to synthetic rubber, Starting a business by inventing a new product. A loosed or broken toilet flange may seem like a small issue, but it can lead to much bigger and more expensive problems later if not addressed quickly. 4 Use adjustable wrench to disconnect the water-supply line from toilet tank. I expected that I would just need to change the wax ring and possibly add shims. While this is true, you should know that the bolts don’t go directly to the floor. You are now done, and your flange should sit evenly on your bathroom floor. Lastly, insert your wax ring, set your toilet back on the flange, and bolt your toilet to the floor. If you don't level this floor correctly, then it will cause your toilet to rock. Once the old flange is removed, you have several options. To avoid this, shim up the toilet using either plastic toilet shims – available at any hardware store – or a toilet base slab with the same shape as the base of the toilet. I'm not a glue expert, but I'm not sure there are many options for temporarily gluing something as smooth and non-porous as porcelain - all the options I'm seeing with a quick google search seem very permanent. The toilet should be secured to the floor flange with toilet hold down bolts. If you lay the flange down and the bottom portion hits the tile before the inside of the upper ring comes to rest on the floor, you need to break out some of the tile. and making sure everything still looks okay underneath, including the flange and wax seal. Slide the toilet flange bolts into the new flange. This makes the toilet unstable or prone to leakages. If it does rock, use shims to prevent rocking - just tightening the bolts probably will not stop the rocking but will risk cracking the toilet or breaking the flange. Properly installing your flange is an important task. You can rotate the flange in either direction until you have reached the preferred position. This will only work if the issue is the flange being cracked, but the flooring underneath can still hold screws. Position the Toilet Flange . Pros usually prefer to apply the wax ring this way in order to guarantee a good seal around the toilet. I plan on anchoring the flange with concrete screws (Tapcon). A minor, somewhat surprising, but consequential detail in toilet installation - do NOT caulk between the floor and toilet. 11 Install new closet bolts into slots in closet flange. I can remember when I started my apprenticeship as a plumber every toilet pan was secured to the floor with a sand and cement mix (mortar). But when I pulled up the toilet last night, the entire flange came up with it. This strikes me as probably not such a bad thing except that it's also far from level, tipping to the left and slightly forward. If no hardware was provided, use wood screws or cement screws, depending on your subfloor material. The type of sub-floor is another consideration, especially if the toilet flange needs to be raised or lowered to fit properly. It stuck to the tile but that got ripped up eventually during the proper fix. Toilet flanges are made of either PVC, copper, and iron. Apparently the builder did not fasten the flange to the floor. The flange should be fastened to the floor. Clear or colored silicone caulk are both suitable to caulk the toilet to the floor. In many instances, the cast iron toilet flange is lead soldered to the cast iron drainpipe beneath it. I left a couple 1” open spots at the front and back, so I'd know if it started leaking. When I first bought the place I replaced the toilet in the first year and noticed the flange bolts were not secure, and I just didn't know enough back then to understand it might be a bigger problem. First thing to do is pop the toilet off and take a look. If your house is on a concrete slab or the bathroom is in a basement, you have a completely different situation. Here’s A Video On How To Install A Toilet Flange On Tile Floor: Out with The Old. If the height of your flange needs to be adjusted, remove the bolts and flange so that repairs can be made and the flange height adjusted. When I was in a similar sounding position (improperly supported flange and uneven tile job), I used sanded tile grout with a layer of Saran Wrap on the toilet to keep it from sticking. The last option when your flange is too high is to replace it. I intend to use a flange that can be glued inside the 4" PVC for the toilet. Those brown spots above and below the drain pipe are the rusted remains of the closet bolts. The toilet flange, also known as a closet flange, is the part of the toilet that secures the unit to the floor and connects to the drain pipe.Usually made of PVC, rubber or metal, this piece is circular in shape and usually secured in place with a few bolts. Re: securing toilet flange to floor; Author: Anonymous User OK, I checked the flange again, and at this particular moment it's held pretty securely by grout, as it must have been for the last 3 days. While buying the flange, do not forget to purchase a new wax seal to go with it. I've replaced the wax seal a few times over the years and just kind of ignored it but I'm feeling like it's time to get to the bottom of it. It is usually made of cast iron in many older homes, so the metal is extremely brittle and can break or crack over time. on Feb 09, 2010. Before you start, you should understand the anatomy of your toilet drain and determine what type of repair you may need or what style of flange is needed for the replacement. The loo eventually begins to wobble and grows worse if not fixed on time. Without being fixed to the floor, you risk several problems later, such as. You can use a hammer and a chisel. While buying the flange, do not forget to purchase a new wax seal to go with it. I was able to make the flange solid, but the toilet rocked because the floor was not flat. If the rim is higher than the floor level, the flushing toilet won’t be a pleasant experience. 16 Install bolt caps over the closet bolts. Option 3 is the easiest. If you are installing into concrete and there are no holes already there for you to secure the flange with, use your hammer drill and carbide or diamond-tipped bit to drill the needed holes to secure the flange to the floor. Cast Iron Pipe. and making sure everything still looks okay underneath, including the flange and wax seal. 12 Press new wax gasket onto closet flange. A bead of caulk is often placed around the base of the toilet to further seal the toilet to the floor. Either one can be expensive and time-consuming. You don't mention how much it moves but if it's a lot, I would recommend pulling up the toilet (make sure to plug the sewer hole with a towel!) 17 Check to make sure toilet is tight to floor … The flange locks the toilet to the drainpipe, and it should flush at the same level as the floor. One you've secured the toilet to the flange by tightening the two toilet bolts, protect the wood floor with caulk. Below the toilet, you’ll see the flange which should also be secured with bolts or similar hardware. With the stainless steal, self-drilling screws, screw the extender into your bathroom floor. Any short cuts or mistakes that you make can lead to damage to the floor, the drainpipe, or the toilet. There are several things to consider before making the decision if this is a project you can tackle or if you need to hire a plumber. How much is it moving around? The original toilet was mounted on a wooden box to raise it to an appropriate level for handicapped access. When a toilet is leaking from the base, you may need to replace the toilet flange. The box rotted out and damaged the toilet. You can find metal flanges that sit on top of that that strengthen it, and then use little plastic wedges to shim up the toilet. Believe it or not, replacing the toilet flange on PVC drainpipe can be more of a challenge than a cast-iron drainpipe. Step 1: Place the Flange Place the toilet flange face down on the concrete. You might think your loose toilet bowl is held down to the floor by a couple bolts. Bathroomwire.com is a participant in the Amazon affiliate program, which is an affiliate program designed to provide a means for sites to earn fees by advertising products. When replacing a round toilet with an elongated toilet, you can purchase offset toilet flanges providing diagonal set openings that offer additional space to accommodate the bottom shape of an elongated toilet. If everything looks good, drill pilot holes through the anchor holes in the flange and use wood screws to secure the toilet flange to the subfloor. A lot depends on what's going around the toilet and why it's uneven. How is a toilet flange secured to the floor? Here’s A Video On How To Install A Toilet Flange On Tile Floor: Out with The Old. Several companies make toilet flange repair kits. Make sure you don’t crack the pipe or you may be in trouble. https://homeguides.sfgate.com/fix-broken-toilet-flange-37255.html, https://www.homerepairtutor.com/toilet-flange-repair/, https://www.doityourself.com/stry/6-types-of-toilet-flanges-explained, https://www.mrrooter.com/greater-syracuse/about-us/blog/2016/july/everything-you-ever-wanted-to-know-about-home-dr/, How and Why to Use the Bluetooth on Your Electric Toothbrush. This might be my weekend warrior project, getting to the root of the problem. You’ll need to remove your old flange and the fitting from the pipe coming up from your bathroom floor to do this. The stresses imparted can break off the bolt ring, which can prevent you from properly attaching the toilet to the flange. 3 Sop up remaining water from tank and bowl with sponge or turkey baster. No way to tell without looking. link to How and Why to Use the Bluetooth on Your Electric Toothbrush, link to Here’s Why Toilet Bolts Are Brass. Thanks everyone, I've watched some youtubes and honestly it just scares me more. on Feb 09, 2010. Make sure that there are no spaces between the flange and the floor before screwing it into place. Ask MetaFilter is where thousands of life's little questions are answered. It uses either a metal or plastic ring that can render your toilet unusable if broken. Luckily we have a downstairs toilet if I mess this up and need to wait for a professional in this covid era. Dry fit the toilet to make sure it doesn't rock. The original toilet was mounted on a wooden box to raise it to an appropriate level for handicapped access. Author: Jack Infantino (NY) This bathroom has a tile floor applied directly to the cement foundation slab. This strikes me as probably not such a bad thing except that it's also far … Install the wax ring and lower the toilet onto the flange. Your toilet flange should always be flush with your finished floor. A loose, unsecured toilet flange will often result in the flange itself being broken as it moves around in the opening in the subfloor. Screw down the flange with a masonry drill and then fit the heads of locking bolts into the grooves on the flange. Tips on Creating a Secure and Level Toilet Flange Floor Written by Doityourself Staff. If the sub floor around the flange is damaged then nothing is going to keep the toilet secure. There doesn’tseem to be any bolts holding the old toilet flange to the floor and it raises the question. If tightening the bolts on the toilet doesn't work, you may have a cracked flange underneath the toilet. The bottom of the flange needs to be sitting flush with (or not more than 1/8" above) the finished floor or else the toilet will rock. If the damage to the toilet flange extends past the bolt ring or if the toilet flange is cracked on the inside, the toilet flange needs to be replaced. How to Anchor a Toilet Flange in a Tile Floor. Or half the floor could be missing. There are special bits for drilling concrete and a hammer drills with one of these bits will make short work of drilling the holes.