The United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) was established by Security Council resolution 2100 of 25 April 2013 to support political processes in that country and carry out a number of security-related tasks. Check how the new Brexit rules affect you. Mali exposed and revealed what I call ‘counter-insurgency politics’. The main body of troops arrived on 2nd December, and all UK personnel will have arrived by 8th December to set up the UK Headquarters. General Ibrahim Dahirou Dembélé, who has been decorated for his services to French national security, was again one of its leaders. It will take only 2 minutes to fill in. Around 300 British troops have arrived in the west African country of Mali. Earlier this year Mali witnessed months of protests against the French occupation, launched in 2013, and the ethnic massacres between rival militias that Paris tolerates, and uses to divide and rule the country. It recently emerged—after initial denials—that Britain had in 2019 provided training and equipment for Nigeria’s police and security forces, funded via its so-called “aid” budget. The Minusma mission has been described as the most dangerous in the world. In July, small teams of Special Airforce Service, whose tasks include covert reconnaissance, counterterrorism, direct action, and hostage rescue, were reported to be in Mali preparing for the main force of Light Dragoons and Royal Anglian troops to arrive later in the year. You’ve accepted all cookies. The UK already has three Chinook helicopters deployed in country and 250 British troops are scheduled to take up UN peacekeeping duties in December in what could be the ministry of defence’s most dangerous deployment since Afghanistan. Une nouvelle recherche novatrice de UK Centre for Ecology & … Operation Serval followed the United Nations Security Council Resolution 2085 of 20 December 2012 and an official request by the Malian interim government for French military assistance. Firstly, because it is important to counter the spread of terrorism in Mali, and secondly because supporting France is consistent with the UK's wider security goals. We use this information to make the website work as well as possible and improve government services. The UK is one of the largest humanitarian donors to the Sahel - in 2020 the UK gave £14.65m in humanitarian aid to Mali and is currently in the process of increasing the size of the UK embassy to reinforce our diplomatic strength in the country. They will be based in the newly formed Camp Bagnold, which is named after Brigadier Ralph Alger Bagnold, the desert explorer and first Commanding Officer of the British Army’s “Long Range Desert Group.”. 30 July 2019. The latest breaking news, comment and features from The Independent. To help us improve GOV.UK, we’d like to know more about your visit today. The Sahel is one of Africa’s poorest and most fragile regions. The UK in Mali. In Mali, the difficulties in implementing this division of labour have revealed the intense international politics involved in defining, and laying claims to, the tolerable limits of military intervention. We use cookies to collect information about how you use GOV.UK. The median age of its 19 million population is 16.3 years, many lacking access to education. At its zenith in the 19th century, the British Empire stretched over one-fourth of the earth's surface. This is centred on escalating aggression towards Russia and China, which has become Africa’s largest trading partner, as part of his efforts to salvage the UK’s global position, post-Brexit. And Britain is fortunate that in the case of Mali, France, for reasons of association and history, has taken the major lead. The more they have a presence in the region, the more we can feel the effect back in the UK.”. Mali is Africa’s third-largest gold producer after Ghana, its southern neighbour, and South Africa. France intervened in Mali in January 2013 against separatist and Islamist forces who came from Libya in the aftermath of NATO’s regime-change war in 2011. Al Qaeda's North Africa wing has said it was responsible for the killing of three French soldiers in Mali, jihadist monitoring organisation SITE Intel reported on Saturday. The UK has consistently supported UN and EU military operations in Mali in recent years. The crisis in Mali is associated with recent events in Libya in which the United Kingdom was a principal protagonist. Britain has for some years had forces in Nigeria, its former colony where Shell Oil Company has major investments, supposedly training its military and security forces to deal with Islamist terrorist groups. The Mission was asked to support the transitional authorities of Mali in the stabilization of the country and implementation This is the largest real terms increase in 30 years, confirming that the ruling elite are stepping up their military preparations in pursuit of their geo-strategic aims. Britain's contribution directly in support of France has been in air capabilities, lift and surveill… In one of her last acts as British Defence Secretary, Penny Mordaunt announced 250 troops will be deployed to support the UN peacekeeping mission in Mali, but for this to be effective it needs a more coherent strategy for engagement in the Sahel and Africa with clear objectives and resources. Presented as a contribution to the UN’s peacekeeping mission, it is part of Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s efforts to reassert British imperialism’s interests in Africa against the challenge from its major rivals as the UK prepares to leave the European Union (EU). It is marked by chronic poverty, instability, high levels of gender inequality, and is highly vulnerable to the effects of climate change. Last year, at least 500 civilians were killed by these groups that also attacked French, European, and local armed forces, with one suicide attack killing more than 50 Malians in a military base in 2017. Around 300 British troops have arrived in the west African country of Mali. After three decades of US-led wars, the outbreak of a third world war, which would be fought with nuclear weapons, is an imminent and concrete danger. Found 155 UK NGOs working in Mali Figures refer to charities registered with the Charity Commission for England and Wales, based on areas of operation supplied … The first of 300 British troops have arrived in Mali to bolster the UN peacekeeping mission there, with the rest due to follow within a week. Firstly, because it is important to counter the spread of terrorism in Mali, and secondly because supporting France is … There it was 'early in - early out' notwithstanding the mess that has been left behind. Ministers increased the number from 250 to 300 but restricted their role j… It is privately acknowledged that the troops will likely be targeted by extremist groups fighting for … The Sahel, which includes the francophone countries of Mali, Burkino Faso, Chad, Niger and Mauritania, is not one of Britain’s traditional fields of operations. We’re proud to be the first British soldiers to join in this team effort to help combat instability in the Sahel. The notorious Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS), widely recognized as one of the worst in the world, was the focus of October’s mass anti-police brutality protest movement, which government forces ruthlessly suppressed. That exercise included special forces troops from Cameroon, Morocco and Nigeria that conducted a raid on a village to “take out” an unspecified group of extremists. 300 UK troops have arrived in Mali as part of the UN’s peacekeeping mission, primarily drawn from the Light Dragoons alongside the Royal Anglian Regiment and supported by specialist trades from across the Armed Forces. Stay on top of Mali latest developments on the ground with Al Jazeera’s fact-based news, exclusive video footage, photos and updated maps. It is an extended European neighbourhood and matters to Britain. Explore similarities and differences. On August 18, amid mounting protests, a junta of Malian army colonels launched a pre-emptive coup, toppling President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta, and declaring loyalty to the French occupation force. Alongside this, the MoD currently has 3 Chinook helicopters and 100 personnel in a logistics role supporting the French-led Counter-Terrorist mission, Operation BARKHANE. France supported the coup because it was aimed against the anti-war protests of youth and workers. The UK deployment in Mali has been quietly increasing. British Chief of the Air Staff Mike Wigston addresses French troops and British airmen and women in Gao, Mali Credit: AFP - Getty. The UN Mission in Mali is made up of over 14,000 peacekeepers from 56 different countries and works to support peace efforts, encourage security sector reform, protect civilians and promote human rights. The insecurity in neighbouring Burkina Faso is forcing many Malian refugees to return home. All content is available under the Open Government Licence v3.0, except where otherwise stated, Chief of Defence Staff speech RUSI Annual lecture, COVID Support Force: the MOD’s continued contribution to the coronavirus response, Defence Secretary's speech on defence reform, Protecting the UK and promoting a Global Britain, Coronavirus (COVID-19): guidance and support, Transparency and freedom of information releases. Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab sought to cover this blatant piece of imperialist militarism, declaring, “This new deployment of 300 British troops to the UN Peacekeeping Mission in Mali is part of our ongoing work in the Sahel region to build stability, improve the humanitarian response and help protect innocent civilians from violence.”, While this is partly bound up with efforts to reduce migration to Europe, vital geo-strategic issues are also involved. A UK task force has arrived in Mali to join the UN peacekeeping mission where they will provide a reconnaissance capability, UK troops arriving in Mali on an RAF A400M. British troops start deploying on 'dangerous' mission to Mali to stop Islamist terrorists crossing Europe’s southern border. As a permanent member of the UN Security Council this deployment is a demonstration of our firm commitment to peacekeeping and the importance we place on improving security in the Sahel by protecting local communities. UK forces were sent to Gao, in eastern Mali, where they will form part of Minusma, the UN’s peacekeeping operation with 14,000 troops from 56 countries, in the vast desert and semi-arid region of the Sahel. We’ll send you a link to a feedback form. Operation Serval (French: Opération Serval) was a French military operation in Mali. Don’t worry we won’t send you spam or share your email address with anyone. The Labour Party not only endorsed Johnson’s “long overdue” expansion of British militarism, but sought to outflank the Tory government on the right. Why is the UK in Mali? They called on the Malian army to continue working with French troops (Operation Barkhane), their European allies (Takuba), their UN auxiliaries (Minusma), and their auxiliaries from the Sahel countries (G5 Sahel). “An advanced … Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office The British Embassy in Mali maintains and develops relations between the UK and Mali. According to the Ministry of Defence there many short-term military teams training security forces to respond “appropriately and proportionally” to security threats, terrorism, violations of human rights, wildlife preservation and emerging humanitarian crises. Why is the UK in Mali? 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