once--rather as Greek, "once for all." “Our blessed Lord is interceding for us, but He is in no sense appeasing God. Melchisedec's Priesthood. "Carnal," as being only outward and temporary, is contrasted with "endless," or, as Greek, "indissoluble." Jesus is perfectly qualified to be our perfect High Priest – perfected forever. The "daily" strictly belongs to Christ, not to the high priests, "who needeth not daily, as those high priests (year by year, and their subordinate priests daily), to offer," &c. offer up--The Greek term is peculiarly used of sacrifices for sin. The law does a great job of setting God’s perfect standard but it does not give the power to keep that standard. It seems strange so few commentaries written from a Torah-perspective have been forthcoming from the pool of Messianic teachers in our time. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. Second, that He did not need to offer up sacrifices, first for His own sins – which the other priests needed to do daily. It really isn’t that Jesus has Melchizedek’s kind of priesthood. What do you think about this? "Remaineth," namely, in life. Therefore, if perfection were through the Levitical priesthood (for under it the people received the law), what further need was there that another priest should rise according to the order of Melchizedek, and not be called according to the order of Aaron? We don’t need to worry about a “bad priest” replacing Him. 25. This is a recurrent theme in Hebrews. Temptation, to which He was exposed, left no trace of evil in Him. slaughter--perhaps defeat, as ALFORD translates. For, &c.--justifying his calling the law weak and unprofitable ( Hebrews 7:18 ). The peace which He brings is the fruit of righteousness. Hebrews 7:1–10 introduces the author's central argument about the superiority of Jesus Christ. God even sealed His choice by an oath. Melchisedec's death not being recorded, is expressed by the positive term "liveth," for the sake of bringing into prominence the antitype, Christ, of whom alone it … Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. It also shows where we have to come for salvation – to God. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. disannuling--a repealing. Not agreeably to a statute is Christ appointed, but according to an inward living power. Instead, Melchizedek has Jesus’ kind of priesthood. The priesthood of Melchizedek is associated with Abraham, not with Moses. not repent--never change His purpose. unto him--the Lord, the Son of God ( Psalms 110:1 ). A priest may bring a sacrifice and offer it on the altar. Perfect Forever Devotional Hebrews 7 Matthew Henry comments on Genesis 14, writing, “Jesus Christ, our great Melchizedek, is to have homage done him, and to be humbly acknowledged by every one of us as our king and priest; and not only the tithe of all, but all we have, must be surrendered and given to him.” Continues forever: This ancient Greek word has the idea of “remaining as a servant.” Jesus continues forever, and He continues as a servant, even after He ascended into heaven. unchangeable--Greek, "hath His priesthood unchangeable"; not passing from one to another, intransmissible. For--the reason why Paul presses the words "after the order of Melchisedec" in Psalms 110:4 , namely, because these presuppose a change or transference of the priesthood, and this carries with it a change also of the law (which is inseparably bound up with the priesthood, both stand and fall together, Hebrews 7:11 ). Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. One is hard-pressed to find a verse-by-verse commentary on the Book of Hebrews from a Torah perspective. There is a remarkable difference in the moral qualifications of the priests. But it really says Jesus is able to save to the uttermost. c. Covenant: The word used for covenant (the ancient Greek word diatheke) is not the usual term for “covenant” (syntheke). Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. Made like in Hebrews 7:3 translates the ancient Greek word aphomoiomenos, a word used nowhere else in the New Testament. Our High Priest is the Son of God Perfect Forever. Melchizedek, a figure from the story of Abraham in the Old Testament, is the main evidence used. Not so with Jesus and the priestly order of Melchizedek. The Most High God's prerogative as "Possessor of heaven and earth," is made over to Abraham; and Abraham's glory, from his victory over the foe, is made over to God. Let the Seventh Day Adventists mark: The Law made nothing perfect. and now unspeakably great must "the Son of God" be, to whom, as the sacerdotal archetype (in God's purpose), Melchisedec was made like! also--as a natural consequence flowing from the last, at the same time a new and higher thing [ALFORD]. Jesus is far superior in His personal character than any earthly priest. . ii. You are a priest forever: This could be said of the Messiah, who was a priest according to the order of Melchizedek. Updated: Sat, 04/25/2020 - 12:16 By admin. If this latter be intended, it is with me past all doubt and question that a bountiful part of our enjoyments is to be separated unto the use and service of the worship of God, particularly unto the comfortable and honorable supportment of them that labor in the ministry. His peculiar function seems to have been, by God's special call, KING-priest whereas no other "patriarch-priest" was also a God-consecrated king. . Among those who conspired to put Jesus to death, there were priests of the order of Aaron. Melchisedec was the highest and last representative of the Noahic covenant, as Christ was the highest and ever enduring representative of the Abrahamic. b. another--rather as Greek, "that a different priest (one of a different order) should arise (anew, Hebrews 7:15 ). ii. For on the one hand there is an annulling of the former commandment because of its weakness and unprofitableness, for the law made nothing perfect; on the other hand, there is the bringing in of a better hope, through which we draw near to God. The law made nothing perfect: Therefore, the law is valuable as it shows us God’s perfect standard, but it was not ultimately intended to be the basis of a man’s walk with God. b. The epithets, "without father," &c. "beginning of days, "nor end," "abideth continually," belong to Melchisedec only in respect to his priesthood, and in so far as he is the type of the Son of God, and are strictly true of Him alone. iv. It is used to imply that the God whom Melchisedec served is THE TRUE GOD, and not one of the gods of the nations around. i. to make intercession--There was but the one offering on earth once for all. People look for that peace in escape, in evasion, or in compromise, but they will only find it in righteousness. The priests daily offered sacrifices ( Hebrews 9:6 , 10:11 , Exodus 29:38-42 ). 15. i. For--reason for the difference stated in Hebrews 7:27 , between His one sacrifice and their oft repeated sacrifices, namely, because of His entire freedom from the sinful infirmity to which they are subject. a. 5. sons of Levi--namely, those alone who belonged to the family of Aaron, to whom the priesthood was restricted. A better covenant: The Old Covenant had a mediator (Moses), but no one to guarantee the people’s side of the covenant. in Abraham--Greek, "by means of (by the hand of) Abraham"; through Abraham. There, he pictured Jesus defending us against every charge or condemnation through His intercession. The law brought nothing to its perfected end; everything in it was introductory to its antitype in the Christian economy, which realizes the perfection contemplated; compare "unprofitableness," Hebrews 7:18 . In order to bring out the typical parallel more strongly, Paul substitutes, "He of whom it is witnessed that he liveth," for the more untypical, "He who is made like to Him that liveth." c. He is also able to save to the uttermost: The unchanging nature of Jesus’ priesthood means that the salvation He gives is also unchanging, permanent, and secure. This proves Jesus is GOD. The opening verses of The Epistle to the Hebrews indicate that the sin question has been dealt with completely (See ch. And, as the Levitical priesthood and the law are inseparably joined, since the former is repealed, the latter is so also going before--the legal ordinance introducing and giving place to the Christian, the antitypical and permanent end of the former. Who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, First being translated “king of righteousness,” and then also king of Salem, meaning “king of peace”, without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but made like the Son of God, Abraham gave a tenth of the spoils… the sons of Levi… have a commandment to receive tithes from the people according to the law, Even Levi, who receives tithes, paid tithes through Abraham, so to speak, for he was still in the loins of his father when Melchizedek met him, Therefore, if perfection were through the Levitical priesthood (for under it the people received the law), what further need, If perfection were through the Levitical priesthood, priest… according to the order of Melchizedek, For He of whom these things are spoken belongs to another tribe, from which no man has officiated at the altar. 7:7 "the greater" The heart of the book of Hebrews is the comparison between the Mosaic covenant and the new covenant in Christ. 3 Because of this he is obligated to offer sacrifice for his own sins o just as he does for those of the people . by him--God. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. For God does nothing needless. come unto God--by faith. The law does not draw you near to God the way God’s grace given in Jesus does. The evangelist Billy Sunday had a great sermon, speaking passionately about how God saved him “from the gutter-most,” because he was a gutter-drunk when God saved him. by him--through Him as their mediating Priest, instead of through the Levitical priests. By so much more Jesus has become a surety of a better covenant. Hebrews 7:1-28 . e. He ever lives to make intercession for them: It strengthens us to know that Jesus prays for us, and that He ever lives to pray for us. were--Greek, "are made." . Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. b. "The Son of God" is not said to be made like unto Melchisedec, but Melchisedec to be "made like the Son of God." . Hebrews: Bible Study and Commentary. The priesthood being changed: This is logically developed from Psalm 110:4. Hebrews 7 commentary 1. He intercedes only for those who come unto God through Him, not for the unbelieving world ( John 17:9 ). We are not only then in virtue of His sacrifice forgiven, but in virtue of the intercession admitted to favor and grace [ARCHBISHOP MAGEE]. who receiveth tithes--(Compare Hebrews 7:5 ). For my part, I am far mores afraid of making too little of the Word than of seeing too much in it.” (Spurgeon), e. Without father, without mother: There is nothing said about the genealogy of Melchizedek in the Genesis 14 passage or anywhere else. The believer should glory in these passages exalting Jesus and showing His superiority. Even Levi, who receives tithes, paid tithes through Abraham, so to speak, for he was still in the loins of his father when Melchizedek met him: Because the whole tribe of Levi was genetically in the loins of Abraham when he did this, we see the Old Testament priesthood paying tithes to the priesthood of Melchizedek. So the eternity spoken of in Psalms 110:4 is that of the priestly office chiefly. (Hebrews 7 Commentary - Marcus Dods) Spurgeon on Melchizedek - There is something majestic about every movement of that dimly revealed figure. It means those who abide in the Son and have fellowship with the Father. harmless--literally, "free from evil" and guile, in relation to Himself. “And without any dispute the less is blessed of the greater.” Therefore, Abraham is the less, and Melchizedek the greater. i. I. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. i. "For to us (as sinners; emphatical) there was also becoming (besides the other excellencies of our High Priest) such an High Priest." king . Hebrews 7 Resources. Melchizedek, who was the king of Salem and priest of the Most High God was an unique exception. made--Jesus was higher before ( John 17:5 ), and as the God-MAN was made so by the Father after His humiliation (compare Hebrews 1:4 ). 28. The writer to the Hebrews wanted to remove these intellectual problems the Jewish Christians had with the gospel. He was not only the offering, but the priest who offered it. Christ dies not, and so hath a priesthood which passes not from one to another. him that had--"the possessor of the promises," Abraham's peculiar distinction and designation. This should temper our excitement about the rebuilding of the temple in Jerusalem. For, Another tribe, from which no man has officiated at the altar, He of whom these things are spoken belongs to another tribe, Not according to the law of a fleshly commandment, According to the power of an endless life, . Though virtually all the commentators disagree with each other on this point, some think that without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but made like the Son of God means that Melchizedek was a heavenly being, if not a pre-incarnate appearance of Jesus Himself. However, if Chedorlaomer and Amraphel and Tidal were slain, though Arioch survived, "slaughter of the kings" would be correct. Judah-- Genesis 49:10 , Luke 1:27 Luke 1:39 (Hebron of Judah, where LIGHTFOOT thinks Jesus was conceived) Luke 2:4 Luke 2:5 , Revelation 5:5 . He who needs not, as the Levitical priests, to be able to trace his genealogy back to Levi. Jesus is holy, harmless (without guile or deception), undefiled, separate from sinners (in the sense of not sharing in their sin). a. i. Romans 8:33-34 shows that the Apostle Paul consider this intercessory work of Jesus on our behalf important. not suffered to continue--Greek, "hindered from permanently continuing," namely, in the priesthood. He paid "tithes of ALL," and those tithes were taken out of the topmost and best portion of the whole spoils. Our hope is in Jesus, not in the Law of Moses or our ability to keep it. it--the change of the law or economy, the statement ( Hebrews 7:12 Hebrews 7:18 ). ), of so much better a testament hath Jesus been made the surety.". consecrated--Greek, "made perfect" once for all, as in Hebrews 2:10 , 5:9 ; Consecrated as a perfected priest by His perfected sacrifice, and consequent anointing and exaltation to the right hand of the Father. There is nothing in the account, Genesis 14:18-20 , to mark Melchisedec as a superhuman being: he is classed with the other kings in the chapter as a living historic personage: not as ORIGEN thought, an angel; nor as the Jews thought, Shem, son of Noah; nor as CALMET, Enoch; nor as the Melchisedekites, that he was the Holy Ghost; nor as others, the Divine Word. The term Levitical priesthood simply describes the Jewish priesthood of the Old Testament. according to the law--sanctioned by Jehovah ( Hebrews 9:19 ). The meeting of Melchisedec and Abraham is the connecting link between to two dispensations, the patriarchal, represented by Melchisedec, who seems to have been specially consecrated by God as a KING-PRIEST, the highest form of that primitive system in which each father of a household was priest in it, and the Levitical, represented by Abraham, in which the priesthood was to be limited to one family of one tribe and one nation. But He, because He continues forever, has an unchangeable priesthood. . b. 4. consider--not merely see, but weigh with attentive contemplation, the fact. b. The high priests took part in these daily-offered sacrifices only on festival days; but as they represented the whole priesthood, the daily offerings are here attributed to them; their exclusive function was to offer the atonement "once every year" ( Hebrews 9:7 ), and "year by year continually" ( Hebrews 10:1 ). the most high God--called also "Possessor of heaven and earth" ( Genesis 14:19 Genesis 14:22 ). Priest of the Most High God: Melchizedek was not merely a worshipper of the true God. An old one. The law could not bring men to: true justification or sanctification before God, which is the "perfection" that we all need in order to be accepted of Him, and which we have in Christ. Because He is our High Priest forever, He can save forever. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. He began to discuss the issue in Hebrews 5:10, but had to spend some time warning these discouraged Christians about the danger of not continuing and progressing in their Christian life. i. This is the best sacrifice brought to God the Father by the best priest. Christ did not, in this sense, pay tithes in Abraham, for He never was in the loins of an earthly father [ALFORD]. Then about 2 Covenants. a. Outline: Hebrews 7:1-10. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. . He is lifted above our sinful community, being "made higher than the heavens," at the same time that He makes believers as such (not as sinners), "to sit together (with Him) in heavenly places" ( Ephesians 2:6 ). The author was attempting to convince his Jewish Christian readers not to abandon their faith in Christ. To many persons it will seem a piece of devotional rapture, if not an idle tale. Not according to the law of a fleshly commandment: Jesus’ priesthood is not based upon law or heredity (a fleshly commandment), but upon the power of God’s endless life. Under it the people received the law: The Old Testament priesthood is the priesthood associated with the Law of Moses. ever liveth" ( John 5:26 ). Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. If Melchisedec were high priest for ever in a literal sense, then Christ and he would now still be high priests, and we should have two instead of one (!). God would never introduce a new priesthood if it was not necessary, and He would never introduce an inferior priesthood. These intellectual hang-ups kept them from continuing on to maturity in Jesus. This contrast is often expressed by the term "greater" (kreittōu/kreissōu), which means "better," "superior," "more excellent," "more valuable," "higher rank." When we come to God through Him, He saves us to the uttermost. Confirming the truth that a change is made of the law ( Hebrews 7:12 ), by another fact showing the distinctness of the new priesthood from the Aaronic. The Son of God is the more ancient, and is the archetype: compare Hebrews 8:5 , where the heavenly things are represented as the primary archetype of the Levitical ordinances. Today We’ll talk about Tithing. Hebrews: New Testament Commentary Series, by Ray C. Stedman. "The portrait of a living man can be seen on the canvas, yet the man is very different from his picture." We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. he was made priest--rather supply from Hebrews 7:22 , which completes the sentence begun in this verse, Hebrews 7:21 being a parenthesis, "inasmuch as not without an oath He was made surety of the testament (for . blessed him--As priest he first blessed Abraham on God's part; next he blessed God on Abraham's part: a reciprocal blessing. The greatness of Abraham then lay in hopes; of Melchisedec, in present possession. This shows Melchizedek is in a position of authority over Abraham and his descendant Levi. For the law appoints as high priests men who have weakness, but the word of the oath, which came after the law, appoints the Son who has been perfected forever. tenth . "Though innumerable lies have been forged against the venerable Jesus, none dared to charge Him with any intemperance" [ORIGEN]. The law can give a commandment, but it cannot give life ( Hebrews 7:19 ). Watch Queue Queue these things--( Psalms 110:4 ). d. First being translated “king of righteousness,” and then also king of Salem, meaning “king of peace”: The name Melchizedek means “king of righteousness,” and he was also “king of peace” (because the name Salem means “peace”). Melchisedec must have had some special consecration above the other patriarchs, as Abraham, who also exercised the priesthood; else Abraham would not have paid tithe to him as to a superior. John Piper Dec 1, 1996 433 Shares Sermon. When Abraham tithed to Melchizedek he literally “took it off the top.”. “The Greek word translated disannuling [annulling], athetesis, is the same as appears in Hebrews 9:26 for the putting away of sin ‘by the sacrifice of Himself.’ The disappearance of the Law is as absolute, therefore, as the putting away of sin!” (Newell). 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