While not a commonplace breed, they are found in small numbers as "productive pets" amid larger numbers of other dairy cattle breeds on dairy farms throughout North America. Small Farmer's Journal Probably all of these sources contributed to the presence of Lineback cattle in the United States. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Due to the rarity of the pure-strain breed, variations such as red lineback and animals with a heavily speckled pelt instead of a distinct stripe occur from time to time. This cow was then in calf by a bull of the same breed. The Dutch were bringing their Witrick cattle into New York at a time when the Witrick was plentiful. Weight of adult jersey cows range from 800-1200 pounds. The English Longhorn, Irish Moiled, Norwegina Telemark, Swedish Mountain and Dutch Witrik have the color-sided phase as their characteristic marking. The herd had been maintained on the same native. Discover (and save!) However, this still left the bulk of the herd, a bull, eleven cows and a few calves to be dealt with. Horned: Yes: Milk Yield: Good: Rarity: Rare: Country/Place of Origin: United States This article appeared in the Winter 1986 SFJ, shortly after the formation of the American Lineback Cattle Registry. 800-876-2893 This cow breed is one of the smallest with a reddish body color. In the year 1855 Mr. Cole brought a cow from a Mr. Knox, living in Oneida Co., N.Y., who either imported her ancestors, or bred her from descendants of the original importation. Due to the rarity of the pure-strain breed, variations such as red lineback and animals with a heavily speckled pelt instead of a distinct stripe occur from time to time. Characteristics of “The Lineback Dairy Cow”, Suited well for Grazing and Free-stall housing. The result of this incestuous and close interbreeding has been altogether successful in keeping up the quality of the animals, both in flesh, perfect health, vigor of constitution, and milking quality of the cows to the character of the original dam, and, as Mr. Cole says, improved upon her. – ed. Today there are several thousand Lineback dairy cows in the United States, some of them essentially Holsteins, some from Milking Shorthorn or other backgrounds and some quite unique. Dutch breeders have created other breeds from their basic gene pool and one of these is called the Witrik or Witrug, which in Dutch means Lineback. The Lineback has over time been selected for improved dairy production due to there “high components“, although it remains a very versatile breed, that was and is heavily influenced by Holstein Blood. Weighing cattle can stress them, slow their weight gain and even lead to injuries. For example, if a beef cow has a heart girth equal to 70 inches and a body length equal to 78 inches, the calculation would be (70 x 70 x 78) / 300 = 1,274 lb The offspring of Jersey cows bred to Lineback bulls boldly sport the white dorsal stripe of the Lineback. This was a convenient port geographically for the export of the Gloucester and its immediate ancestor, the Glamorgan, from South Wales. The bulls are noticeably well-mannered. The ClicRweight CRW-1000 is a tablet-like personal computer with 3-D imaging cameras encased in a metal housing. Geneticists recognize two variations of the Lineback; the first in which the animal has a dark, usually black or red body with a white dorsal stripe, possibly a star on the face, white tail and belly and perhaps one or more garters or white bands around the legs where they join the body. Monitoring weight gains is only part of the picture; every Chapel Hill Randall Lineback is given a qualitative conformation rating of one to five. The English Longhorn, Irish Moiled, Norwegian Telemark, Swedish Mountain, and Dutch Witrick have the Witrick as their characteristic marking, while the Gloucester pattern in which brockling does not occur is exemplified by the English Old Gloucester and the Austrian Pinzgauer. Vermont is known for its cows. The lineback pattern in which brockling does not occur is exemplified by the English Old Gloucester and the Austrian Pinzgauer. Recently a society has been formed to register and encourage these animals. Many of these herds which now include better than 90% of the American dairy cow population were graded up on regional types. Many individuals exhibit characteristics of both while the blue animals seem to be of the first type. In others, the markings are a distinct characteristic of the breed; while in some it is one of a number of patterns common to a local type. In the 17th and 18th centuries when breeds as we know them were much less in evidence and various colors could be found among regional cattle populations, it is reasonable to assume that Linebacks were among them. The plate below is an accurate portrait of the cow SUSIE 23d, belonging to Mr. Cole. The cows were excellent milkers and useful for the dairy. The Gloucester is directly descended from the Glamorgan, a Welsh breed that may have had Norman antecedents and whom some American linebacks resemble. This is a direct inheritance from the Aurochs, primative ancestor of our modern cattle. Perhaps the white dorsal line on our modern breeds has the same origin, accompanied by a genetic predisposition for white. Considering that livestock of all classes has been imported to the United States, it is not surprising that we have our own "Dairy Lineback breed". The current “Idealistic Lineback Cow” The “Lineback cow” has been up-bred to be a very productive dairy cow. For temperate breeds, BREEDPLAN will only analyse a mature cow weight if the cow is older than 2.4 years of age (870 days) at weighing. Others like the Telemark are red without the roaning while the Dutch Witrik is usually black with a fair number of recessive reds and sometimes a pure white animal. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. your own Pins on Pinterest A comparison can easily be drawn between these animals and that rarest of rare species, the small diversified farmer, who like the Randal cattle has been forced by circumstances foisted on rural society by an unrelenting and unsympathetic momentum of social disruption to divorce him from his rightful environment. This animal is depicted as having the Lineback pattern and is identified as a type of unimproved Shorthorn, and was descended from cattle imported to the Boston area around 1840. The disposition of these animals is friendly. The Randall Linebacks were originally bred in 17th century colonial America as all-purpose cows, providing dairy, meat, and oxen to early American settlers.In the mid-1800s, Europeans began to create standardized, specialized beef cattle. This pattern is closely related to the white with dark points phase of the White Park and British White cattle in England; in fact they are two extremes of the same pattern cattle of this type exhibiting varying degrees of white from pure white to largely solid. Lineback’s were a very dual-purpose animal, fulfilling the owners’ needs for both milk and meat. During the 19th century progressive American farmers began to look again to Europe for improved stock, including Ayrshires, Friesians, Herefords and Milking Shorthorns, all of which were capable of throwing occasional linebacked offspring. The Lineback has over time been selected for improved dairy production due to there “high components“, although it remains a very versatile breed, that was and is heavily influenced by Holstein Blood. There are red, dun, white, blue, belted reds, belted blacks and color sided linebacked Welsh cattle. English Longhorns found their way to both New England and to Kentucky as well. There breeds, plus the English Longhorn, probably contributed to the Lineback presence in the United States. A unique heritage livestock breed, the Randall Blue Lineback Cattle are known as a high-quality dairy cow that can produce a good quantity of milk from a diet of pasture grasses. [see below – ed.] The other, known as Witrick separates into 3 major types of “Witrick’s” the White classic Witrick, Dark-Sided Witrick, and Dark Specked Witrick. It is reasonable to assume that Linebacks were among the cattle imported into the U.S. in the 17th and 18th centuries. Originating mainly from Holland, Europe in the 1700-1800s, Lineback’s first appeared in America when English and Hollanders settled in the country. In New England this often meant the old unimproved Durhams or Milking Shorthorns, but in New York and the mid-west as well as much of northern Vermont and neighboring Canada there were many herds of Linebacks of both types. Following World War II, in the stampede for bigger yields, dairy farmers increasingly began to use Holstein bulls to "upgrade" their herds. Adult males are 145-155 cm high, weight 650-900 kg., and have a chestnut coat with the same pattern as females but darker. Because the Lineback and color sided patterns are genetically very strong and the Holstein pattern is a weak one, the Lineback will often persist through many generations of outcrossing. Today there are several thousand Lineback dairy cows in the United States, some of them essentially Holsteins, some from Milking Shorthorn or other backgrounds, and some quite unique! Mr. Randal had not milked the herd commercially since his retirement from dairying fifteen years earlier but the herd still retains good dairy type with well made udders. Within a few months, five individuals in Vermont, New Hampshire and Massachusetts had purchased ten animals. It has been observed that to remove the species from its environment or to destroy that environment will ensure that species’ extinction. The Longhorn and the Moiled are varying shades of red from strawberry to plum with much roaning. Jun 11, 2014 - This Pin was discovered by Stacey Hicks. They are fine in bone, and full medium in size. Do You Want Your Broodmare to Foal Early? The choice of location was an auspicious one because a year previous to the meeting what is probably the only “purebred” Lineback herd was located in nearby Arlington, Vermont. Both types are found with the color sided variety predominating. A mature female of the "landrace" type may have a mature weight of 600 lbs. During this period Welsh cattle were commonly driven to the English counties and the Bristol area would have been a logical place for them to accumulate. The estimated girth is then transformed into a measure of the live weight by an algorithm running on the notebook that correlates the girth of the animal with its breed, sex and its age at the time the measurement was taken. Lynch Lineback Cow (Photo courtesy of Glenn McCaig) A ‘Lineback’ refers to an animal with a solid coat colour – usually dark – which has a white top line running along the back from the base of the neck to the end of the tail, and a white underline along the belly. Undoubtedly, they owe their existence to all of the above mentioned antecedents. Cattle Breeds - Lineback Lineback History The Lineback is a rare breed originating from America, in the 18 th and 19 th Century the Lineback was a dual-purpose animal, fulfilling the owners needs for both milk and meat. The cows have capacious udders, sizeable teats, large milk viens, and exhibit strong development as milkers. Notes: Originally triple purpose: beef, plowing, milk, few milk them today. The sources from which our stock derive and the periods when their ancestors entered our agricultural history are conjectural and likely not be resolved fully, as documentation is almost nonexistent. Because the Lineback patterns are genetically strong and the Holstein pattern is weak, the Lineback will often persist through many generations of outcrossing. Weight: 9 lbs: Dimensions: 18 × 12 × 12 in: Color: More white, More black, portrait color. Jersey. In others, the markings are a distinct characteristic of the breed; while in some it is one of a number of patterns common to a local type. This is true in both Holland and Wales. These cattle are of the color sided brockled type, mostly black with a few blues and a history of an occasional recessive red although no reds presently exist. The breed is often cross bred to other dairy cattle, though the coloration trait is generally dominant in offspring, History of Lineback Dairy Cattle-“A Well-Marked Breed”[1]. Keep an eye on this one!!! The herd consists of two different “families” and some cattle with characteristics of both. Still occasionally influenced by Holstein blood this genetically superior breed has remained versatile enough to be prevalent in these demanding modern times. Additionally, many British ships coming to America were sailing from Bristol, a geographically convenient port for the export of Gloucester and Welsh cattle. My Lineback #521 (pic below as a calf) weighed under 1000lbs and her first calve weighed 100lbs. When the Shorthorn began to supercede the English Longhorn, many breeders used gradeup programs based on Longhorn cows. calf: add calf, no calf Known for their distinctive colour-sided coloration, the Lineback has a black base and nose with a skunk-like white stripe or finching along the spine. Pro crossed on this tall, stylish, dairy cow that is milking 130lbs. This is an old breed, during the earlier years of the present century existing in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England. Still other cattle such as the native Welsh breed consistently display several true breeding color phases of which the lineback is one. This cow breed is known for high milk efficiency. During the 19th century, progressive American farmers coinciding with the development of breed societies began to look again to Europe for improved stock to grade up our native stock. It is named after the island where it originated; the island of Jersey is the biggest in the British Channel. Temperament: Docile, Assertive. ***Please Note--We also have a tendency to sell Shorthorn Bulls- Brown Swiss heifer calves (out of good showy bloodlines (EX90 pt.cow(s)) As well as the occasional Red and White heifer calves! Feb 9, 2012 - Explore DeBruycker Charolais's board "Charolais Cattle", followed by 126 people on Pinterest. Mar 10, 2017 - Explore Joyce Cain's board "lineback cows" on Pinterest. 30 years later they are still going strong. Cattle with lineback color patterns have occurred throughout the world in many breeds. Before the Second World War all sorts of unique regional cattle existed throughout the United States. Originally Dutch cattle were more often red and white, and red and whites still crop out in Fresian herds. Hello fellow Wikipedians, I have just modified one external link on Lineback cattle.Please take a moment to review my edit.If you have any questions, or need the bot to ignore the links, or the page altogether, please visit this simple FaQ for additional information. A new laptop-mounted, high-tech cattle-weighing system might help corral those problems. This disregarded the existence of native Welsh cattle of a variety of colors. According to the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy, there are fewer than 200 Linebacks left in the world. The plight of the open pollinated seed variety or the unspecialized livestock breed is one with the small independent farmer. VT Cow Photos – Randall Linebacks Cow Cattle Calves Bovine Photos & Information. We invite anybody interested in Lineback Dairy cattle to join our organization. And still others, such as the native Welsh breed, consistently display several “color phases“, of which the "Lineback" is one. A typical lineback cow Known for their distinctive colour-sided coloration, the Lineback has a black base and nose with a skunk-like white stripe or finching along the spine. The Randall Lineback is a breed of cattle that is unique to Vermont. The first, is known as Gloucester, in which the animal has a dark, usually black or red body with a white dorsal stripe, possibly a star on the face, white tail and belly, and perhaps one or more garters or white bands around the legs, where they join the body. High butterfat is the specialty of milk produced by this cow. “Red and white” or “Black and white” are the predominant “color” patterns. They are easy to manage yet they display an almost feral intelligence. Of the variations found, the Witrick variety predominating over the Gloucester. or more. pastures in the foothills of the Green Mountains, for over seventy years with no known outcrossing of any kind under very rigorous conditions. This photo and those that follow are all from Everett Randal’s Lineback Cattle Herd. The herd had been maintained on the poorest of feed and kept out most of the year, the entire herd running together. The best bull calves are kept for breeding; the highest-rated cows are flushed and bred to several bulls. Wales has many hardy native mountain cattle. In addition to providing milk that makes a mean cheddar cheese, the breed is noted for its striking “colorsided lineback” pattern characterized by a white stripe down […] Adult females are 131-142 cm high, weight 500-535 kg., and have a chestnut coat that darkens towards their front. Additionally the Moiled is polled and its name comes from the Irish for hornless and is the origin of our American term, “muley” for a polled cow. Meet a couple of critters who are members of a cattle breed known as the Randall Lineback. A different example occurs when closely related cattle in an area have been selected on the basis of color to form different breeds with a common ancestry. To cut the matter short, the increasing herd was so continuously bred, through the succeeding twentyfive years until now, 1882, to bulls of the same family descent – no outside cross intervening – some hundreds in number, many of which have been sold and dispersed in different counties of New York and other States, among dairymen. The Lineback is the last survivor of the once pervasive multi-purpose farm staple used as oxen to do the heavy lifting, and it also produced milk and provided meat. In some cases this is a matter of random selection. Does anyone here raise Lineback … In the book, American Cattle, written by Lewis F. Allen and published in 1890 by Orange Judd, there is lengthy reference to and an excellent illustration of, the Holderness cow. During these times there was an increase in importation of European and British breeds such as the Witrick, Gloucester and Welsh cattle. Inasmuch as this herd and their descendants have so strongly maintained their uniform characteristics of quality from that of any other distinctly recognized breed, they may well be considered a distinct breed under the name of Holderness. Her first calves were so at their births, but gradually, as age increased, the red sides turned into a chocolate brown, and finally black within a year or two after birth. They are a vital piece of living American agricultural history, animals whose like cannot and will never again be found in our agricultural landscape. There are various color patterns found in the Lineback breed, Classic White Witrick (most dominate pattern), Gloucester (white garters at top of legs), The American Lineback Dairy Cattle Registry, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lineback_cattle&oldid=961833343, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 June 2020, at 17:09. The first pattern is called the linebacked pattern while the second is called the color-sided pattern, the roaning effect in the latter is caused by a gene totally different than that which causes roaning, say in a Shorthorn. In this type, the ears and muzzle will be black or red in bold relief to a predominantly white face. Not only do cattle of the color sided pattern occasionally throw pure white calves with dark points but the White Park and British White breeds are known to produce lineback offspring as well. His daughters should be tall, dairy, and stylish with tremendous will to milk. Unfortunately, that person has now decided to sell the herd and the future is uncertain. In the Texas Longhorn and some African breeds, the Lineback patterns occur randomly. There is a small but dedicated group of Vermonters and cow lovers dedicated to the future of Randall Linebacks – a breed of cattle unique to Vermont. When used as most of them were to grade up native American stock the incidence could easily have been higher. Sisters, Oregon 97759 Few of these breeds had been in existence long enough to really fix their characteristics. External links modified. A somewhat opposite effect is occasionally found in Jerseys where a very dark, almost black, coat is accompanied by a gold stripe down the back. Mystique was named Grand Champion at the National Lineback in 2010. She was then bred to a common bull and the succeeding calf was made into veal. When a year old she was bred to the same bull, her own sire, who was again bred to his mother. or less, while a female of a type loosely resembling a grade Holstein may weigh 1100 lbs. The succeeding spring, in 1856, she produced a bull calf, which Mr. Cole reared. Today we occasionally see a Shorthorn with the Longhorns’ characteristic pattern. The original cow was deep red on her sides, with white line on her back and under the belly. 144 Posts . (The "lineback" color pattern worn by some other breeds of linebacked cattle tends to have more sharply defined solid areas or color in contrast to the white line, belly, tail, and parts of the legs.) The late Everett Randal had been breeding his own strain of authentic old time Linebacks from stock inherited from his father. Some of them were imported fifty years ago into the vicinity of Boston, Mass., and probably since into the State of New York, but of the exact dates of their later importation we have no account. For tropical breeds, this age is 3.0 years (1090 days). I … In the stampede for bigger yields at all cost, dairy farmers increasingly began to avail themselves of registered bulls, which more often than not came to mean Holstein bulls, to “upgrade” their herds. Normally the Gloucester does not have the garters. When, at the close of the nineteenth century a breed society was organized, they arbitrarily decided that black would be the accepted color. While not a commonplace breed, they are found in small numbers as "productive pets" amid larger numbers of other dairy cattle breeds on dairy farms throughout North America. Cattle with "Lineback" color patterns have occurred throughout the world in many breeds. See more ideas about cattle, livestock, cow. Mon - Thu, 8am - 4pm PDT. Finally, a chance tip resulted in a buyer from Massachusetts who was willing to buy the entire herd and keep them together. The cow was next served by her Holderness bull calf, then a yearling of vigorous growth, and that produce was a heifer. average mature weight— ox: 2,000# bull: 1,800# cow: 1,200# temperament— moderately active and excitable: associations— American Lineback Dairy Cattle Registry: The Randall Cattle Registry Inc. web resource— Randall Lineback The physiological facts of the in-and-in breeding of this particular herd, so contrary to popular opinion against the practice, deserves a record, the perusal of which may lead to profitable trials of the kind with other breeds. In anatomical formation they had the appearance of the unimproved short-horns of some centuries back. The sources from which our indigenous stock derive and the periods when their ancestors entered our agricultural history are conjectural and will likely not be resolved fully. Lineback Cow $ 27.50 – $ 522.50. The name Witrik (Without a "c") is a compound word derived from dialectal Dutch Wit (White) and Rik ("Rug" in standard Dutch, meaning "Back") and means "White Back". The other and more prevalent type has a lot more white on the body and face and much speckling or “brockling” on the face, body and legs. Lineback Dairy Cattle also known as Witrick is a dual breed of cattle, derived from the Holstein breed, and to whom the Randall cattle bear a strong resemblance. Please visit their website (http://www.americanlinebacks.net/) and their Facebook page (https://www.facebook.com/groups/367724191200/) for the most recent information on Lineback Cattle. These dark areas also exhibit brockling (similar to roaning), with the rest of the body being white. Using the measurements from steps 1 and 2, calculate body weight using the formula HEART GIRTH x HEART GIRTH x BODY LENGTH / 300 = ANIMAL WEIGHT IN POUNDS. On June 1, 1985 the first meeting of the American Lineback Cattle Registry was held in Manchester, Vermont. In some cases this is a matter of random selection. Cattle with lineback color patterns have occurred throughout the world in many breeds. The Lineback breed is in between Holsteins and Jerseys for milk and components. Geneticists recognize two variations of the Lineback Dairy Cattle. A remarkable change in the color of these cattle has taken place since in Mr. Cole’s possession. Although we were acquainted with a few of them in the year 1835, we had lost sight of them until recently, when they were brought to our notice by the owner of a herd of about thirty in number, Mr. Truman A. Cole, at Solsville, Madison Co., N.Y. The brockling may be in the form of round or eliptical spots or roaning or both. The Randall Lineback became “an all round cow” – a sure-footed draught animal and a “milker” prior to consumption. 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