Claiming Disability: Knowledge and Identity. http://dredf. The potential universality of disability has sometimes divided scholars. Such a problematizing of physical life added a new wrinkle to the genre's double/secret identity trope: the characters now interact with their shifting bodies as bodies with all the complications involved.” For example, in 1952 feminist Simone de Beauvoir famously wrote that “one is not born, but rather becomes, a woman,” that is, that culture and not biology determines what it means to be a woman (Beauvoir 1952: 247). In the process, they revealed that disability is a central, illuminating critical category. Samuels, Ellen. Furthermore, as Irving Zola pointed out, disability is a nearly universal experience (Shakespeare 2006: 204), because unless we die suddenly we will be disabled at some point in our lives. Titchkosky, Tanya. These foundational works in literary disability studies argued that literature and culture in the West often upheld normalcy and consigned disabled people to the margins, a dynamic that had real‐world consequences for disabled people. (8MB), Author(s): Karen Beauchamp-Pryor, Simoni Symeonidou (auth. Leader Ed Roberts called disabled people “one of the largest minority groups in the nation,” emphasizing their new feeling of a shared identity (Nielsen 2012: 168). Durham, NC: Duke University Press. ), Publisher: Oxford University Press, Year: 2015 Foucault, Michel. The Americans’ Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA), for instance, defines disability not just as “a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities” or “a record of such impairment,” but also as “being regarded as having such an impairment.” The last part of the definition acknowledges the importance of social attitudes and perspectives in forming disability. Nice and informative article, it helps me to get an idea about litrary disability studies. Disability studies considers disability in political, aesthetic, ethical, and cultural contexts, among others. Theoretically, a disability can be the result of 1. Series: Routledge Advances in Disability Studies. Bérubé, Michael. Along the same lines, Amy Vidali (2010) argued against simply policing harmful metaphors, urging artists and scholars instead to find ways to work “critically, ethically, transgressively, and creatively at the edges of disability metaphor” (Vidali 2010: 51). Focusing on representations of disability, Journal of Literary & Cultural Disability Studies publishes a wide variety of textual analyses that are informed by disability theory … (1MB), Author(s): Janice McLaughlin, Edmund Coleman-Fountain, Emma Clavering, Blake Howe, Stephanie Jensen-Moulton, Neil Lerner, Joseph Straus (eds. It can show the disjuncture between thematic and narrative trajectories, as in Sadhwa’s Cracking India (1991), where the disability of the child narrator seems more an analogy for the partition of India than a realistic feature of the narrative. It will―and should be―mandatory is every disability studies program in … Such shows helped spectators to confirm their own sense of normalcy and normate‐based privilege. In another area, many critics have followed Garland‐Thomson by publishing multidisciplinary studies of freakery and its afterlives. Introduction to Disability Studies: 3: ENGLISH 175: Literature and Disability: 4: or CY PLAN 120: Community Planning and Public Policy for Disability: Select Three Electives From The Following: 12: ANTHRO 115: Introduction to Medical Anthropology: 4: ANTHRO 119: Special Topics in Medical Anthropology: 4: ARCH 169 The Ugly Laws: Disability in Public. Such intersectional approaches helped disability studies to emerge as a consequential, exciting intellectual pursuit with an activist orientation. To people accustomed to thinking of disability as a medical problem located in an individual’s body (the overwhelmingly dominant view of disability since the nineteenth century), such an approach may come as a surprise. “Cripping Consensus: Disability Studies at the Intersection.” American Literary History 28 (2): 433–53. Davidson, Michael. In her 1998 manifesto for the field, Claiming Disability, Simi Linton summed up the most important benefits of using the social model. 2011. “A Short History of the 504 Sit In” (accessed June 1, 2016). The fourth edition of the reader has just been released in February. 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