However, the greatest problem in sorghum is the wider variation in protein concentration as it ranges from below 7% to above 13%. “Nutritive value data shows that varieties with finer stems and more leaf to the base can have higher feed value than BMR types.” Another belief is that sorghum quality deteriorates rapidly as it runs to head too quickly when conditions are not favourable for harvest or grazing. Unique data for forage sorghums, including varying feed … The lowest feed intake was observed in the fish group fed the corn meal diet, closely followed by fish fed the diet with high-tannin sorghum. Numerous studies over the last 30 years have shown the nutritional value of sorghum grain is 95 to 98 percent that of corn. Nutritional Value of Sorghum Sorghum is loaded with nutrients, vitamins such as riboflavin, niacin, and thiamin, high amount of magnesium, copper, iron, phosphorous, calcium, and potassium. Sorghums are diverse but generally fall into the following categories: Brown varieties usually have a higher tannin content, but are more resistant to birds, diseases and adverse weather conditions. Or, if feed were short, the grower could hay or graze the second cutting. For silage choose forage sorghums, especially hybrids with high grain production. Water requirements are reported to be 30% to 50% lower than for corn, which is an important consideration in areas that are dependent on irrigation to produce a crop. Sorghum is a popular animal feed as well as an emerging biofuel. After the grain is harvested, milo stalks can be put in windrows and baled. Value-added Products Globally, about 50 percent of sorghum is consumed by humans, but in the United States over 90 percent of the sorghum consumed is used as a component in livestock feed. Low tannin varieties are grown in the U.S. to maximize the value of sorghum in animal rations. Early studies in pig and broiler chicken feeding experiments indicated sorghum-based diets to be inferior to corn Reported sorghum to be 85 -90% feeding value of corn due to high tannin content. Traditionally the term “forage sorghum” has been a catch-all phrase for the different sorghum products used for feed or forage. A true forage sorghum generally has little regrowth potential, making it ideal for single-cut, high-moisture harvest situations such as baleage or silage; a great alternative to corn silage in some environments. On more productive soils, with favorable moisture and fertility, corn is a better silage crop, producing comparable yields and higher feed value than forage sorghums and sorghum- sudangrass hybrids, (Table 1). Yes, grain sorghum (milo) stalks can be mechanically harvested for hay. Fish fed the diet with low-tannin silage sorghum experienced the largest weight gain, followed by fish fed the diet with corn meal, and those fed the high-tannin sorghum diet. … El Zubeir, E.A. However, there is a lack of information The feed value (TDN) of sorghum silage per acre is about 90% that of corn silage. They are thick stemmed and hard to dry for hay but they can supply ample yields of silage, green chop and pasture when perennial grasses are slowing down or going dormant. An ancillary finding of this study was that rabbits more or less tolerated this imbalanced feeding system during the experimental period ( Bhatti et al., 2011 ). They are thick stemmed and hard to dry for hay but they can supply ample yields of silage, green chop and pasture when perennial grasses are slowing down or going dormant. Sorghum grain are used as poultry diet whereas forage sorghum is used for livestock. T. The grain should be cracked or rolled before feeding … Compared with corn, the cost of production for forage sorghum silage is lower, primarily because of lower seed and irrigation costs. Since the nutritional value of sorghum is broadly 85 percentage - 90 percentage of that of maize (due to the lower digestibility of the Malt is used for the manufacture of beer. endstream endobj startxref Forage sorghum is most often planted in rows with a corn planter to facilitate harvest, reduce lodging, and permit cultivation for weed control. Most methods break up the sorghum kernel, either by grinding, rolling, steam flaking or extruding. Crude protein value will be higher in sorghum-sudan crosses than corn silage. Sorghum grain, stalks and leaves can be utilized in various feed ingredients. As silage, forage sorghums usually yield more dry matter per acre than dryland corn, and will yield similarly to corn under irrigation. Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) lends itself to a variety of uses. Forage Sorghum and other Summer Annuals • Energy value of these forages is roughly 90% of corn silage. What is the feed value of BMR compared to regular sorghum? 296 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<00437E56D1F6BE4EB9543D6B9B582BE3><3B70EF814947BE42B732684C5028A074>]/Index[290 15]/Info 289 0 R/Length 52/Prev 466031/Root 291 0 R/Size 305/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream 12 Fudulu CATALIN, The assets of sorghum grain in feed Tannin, kafirin and phytate content, affects nutritional value, and can reduce the feed efficiency. Compared with corn plants, it uses water more efficiently and is more heat- and drought . Nutritional value of sorghum silage dierent purposes 289 Ciência e Agrotecnologia 41(3):288-299, May/Jun. The grain is highly palatable to livestock, and intake seldom limits livestock productivity. For silage choose forage sorghums, especially hybrids with high grain production. Feed Value of Forage Sorghum for Silage. “Nutritive value data shows that varieties with finer stems and more leaf to the base can have higher feed value than BMR types.” Another belief is that sorghum quality deteriorates rapidly as it runs to head too quickly when conditions are not favourable for harvest or grazing. Progress 02/06/08 to 02/05/13 Outputs Progress Report Objectives (from AD-416): The long-term objectives of this project are the development of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) germplasm lines with improved bioenergy, feed, and food value, and the elucidation of genetic, biochemical, and biological factors impacting these characters. They include values about more than 200 feeds of plant and animal origin and 100 mineral sources. These methods expose greater surface area of the starch This variety can be used both as livestock feed and as an alternate feedstock for bio-ethanol Forage sorghum: Single-cut, high-moisture feed Traditionally the term “forage sorghum” has been a catch-all phrase for the different sorghum products used for feed or forage. Some varieties of sorghum are dual purpose and are grown for both grain and forage. The feed value (TDN) of sorghum silage per acre is about 90% that of corn silage. Livestock feed manufacturers procure feed materials according to a price per nutrient basis. Sorghum for Biofuel A variety of sorghum called Sweet Sorghum is a multipurpose crop and accumulates sugary juice in its stalk. Good quality sorghum is having 95% or greater feeding value of yellow dent maize. Sorghum grain (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench). It provides dietary fiber by 48% of the recommended daily value. A true forage sorghum generally has little regrowth potential, making it ideal for single-cut, high-moisture harvest situations such as baleage or silage; a great alternative to corn silage in some environments. Reduced tannins in current varieties greatly improves nutrient digestibility for poultry. Sorghum is successfully used as a substitute for maize as an energy source. 1 GRAIN SORGHUM MARKET VALUE CHAIN PROFILE 2012 Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Directorate Marketing Private Bag X 15 Arcadia 0007 Tel: 012 319 8455/6 Fax: 012 319 8131 Email: MogalaM@daff Data from 15 years ago undervalues sorghum. 0 The INRAE-CIRAD-AFZ feed tables contain chemical data, nutritional data and environmental data of feeds for ruminants, pigs, poultry, rabbits, horses and fish (salmonids). In ruminant animals such as cattle, sheep and goats, sorghum is used primarily as a carbohydrate (energy) source and protein is supplemented in the form of alfalfa, soybean meal, etc. Yes, grain sorghum (milo) stalks can be mechanically harvested for hay. Forage sorghum yields 120,000-160,000 seeds/kg. The nutritive value of sorghum is usually taken at 90% to 100% compared with corn, with a value of 96% being most common. %PDF-1.5 %���� Feed Value of (61.63 x 2.67)/1.29 = 127 (numbers beyond the decimal point are not significant. It’s rich in vitamins and minerals like B vitamins, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, iron, and zinc. The energy value is very variable depending on the type of sorghum, between 0.6 and 1 UFL/kg of DM. The nutritive value of sorghum is usually taken at 90% to 100% compared with corn, with a value of 96% being most common. Forage sorghum is the highest yielding annual feedstock for the second generation biofuel industry in the northern Great Plains. Sorghum-Sudan grass hybrids fit best in summer feeding programs. Today, more than 500 million people in more than 30 different countries rely on sorghum as a key part of their diet. Feeding Value of Forage Sorghum By TAKAMITSU All Livestock Division, Kyushu National Agricultural Experiment Station (Kumamoto) In warm areas of Japan, forage sorghum has been cultivated for green-chopped feeds or Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) grain is the fifth major staple cereal after wheat, rice, maize and barley. Such hybrids should not be planted in the humid coastal regions. “I think the reason it has p Sorghum is the third most important staple cereal food crop after maize and millet in areas of Eastern, Northern and South Western Uganda. Forage sorghum trials being conducted by Texas A&M AgriLife are looking at management, varietal selection and sugarcane aphid damage. (1992) The replacement value of sorghum gluten meal for soya–bean meal in broiler chick diets. Sweet sorghum's energy-savings and value emerge in several ways: The crop only needs … Sorghum Market Size, Industry Analysis Report, Regional Outlook, Application Development Potential, Price Trends, Competitive Market Share & Forecast, 2020 - 2026 Competitive landscape reporting: market leaders and important players, competencies and capacities of these companies in terms of production as well as sustainability and prospects. During 2017, the average price for sorghum in the United States increased to $5.65 per cwt from $4.95 per cwt in 2016. Petersen, V.E. Rising livestock-based food consumption is adding fuel to the growth of the market. (1969) A comparison of the feeding value for broilers of corn, grain sorghum, barley, wheat and oats, and the influence of various grains on the composition and taste of broiler meat. Sorghum is among the top 5 most important cereal grains in terms of production, and a part of the grain production goes into processing.Increasing concern for healthy animal feed is driving the consumption of sorghum by-products. Feed Value of Forage Sorghum for Silage. Surpluses are used as stock feed in instances where sorghum is competitive with other grain crops in terms of nutritive value and price. h�b```"�|�A�X��c�@� ��G_�M```��af`�eZ՜]� ����@G=�-�-��A�=̳1L��5yz�k�dk�Q�r@|�0gO��Q����Hv00tt0it0p���(B�) �V����H� 1����8�pOP���vS�}�?�R��@C���,ܯz��@��� D*>� 2017 (Zhang et al., 2015), which might allow the production of high quality silages. Digestion coefficients with Holstein steers receiving immature sorghum-sudangrass hay, for dry matter, crude protein, and energy were 59.8, 68.8 and 65.6. –Lower concentrations of starch or sugar –Lower NDFD compared with forage sorghum • Brown midrib varieties of forage sorghum and sorghum sudan are available that have improved NDF digestibility and energy content. Sorghum is an excellent source of riboflavin, Vitamin B6, thiamin and minerals such as iron, potassium, manganese and magnesium. Forage sorghum can be planted later in the growing season than cor… White, cream and yellow grains are more susceptible to Specific to sorghum is the presence of tannins in the grains. It is cultivated worldwide in warmer climates and is an important food crop in semi-arid tropical areas of Africa, Asia and Central America. It is well established that the colour of the pericarp (outer coat of the grain) - whether it is white, cream, red or bronze - has no effect on the feed value of grain sorghum. The objective in using sorghum varies with the type of animal to be fed. h�bbd``b`�$k@��`���s�7Y����� �� It is well established that the colour of the pericarp (outer coat of the grain) - whether it is white, cream, red or bronze - has no effect on the feed value of grain sorghum. Sorghum contains slightly more protein than corn (9.5% vs. 8%), but its protein profile is equally deficient in lysine and threonine. Values with different superscripts significantly different (P 0.05). The report shows that 192 gm is loaded with 632 Kcal which offers a calorie rich diet with other minerals and vitamins. , Elbashir , T.E. If planting sorghum or sorghum-sudan, remember it is a warm season crop needing warm soil (65 F to germinate) and weather. Nutritional value of sorghum silage dierent purposes 289 Ciência e Agrotecnologia 41(3):288-299, May/Jun. To avoid this, David recommends the selection of a photo-period sensitive variety. Sorghum grain is a small, hard caryopsis covered by glumes. Also, forage sorghum is being looked at as a promising source of lignocellulosic feedstock for biofuels. Nutritional values will be approximately 7.5% crude protein, 52% TDN, 0.47 Mcal NEm/lb, 0.22 Mcal NEg/lb, 0.46% calcium, and 0.21% phosphorus. This energy mostly comes from fibres rather than starch (mostly for BMR sorghums). INRAE CIRAD AFZ © 2017-2020. Its uses for feed and fodder are now overtaking that for food in many parts of … Effect on These calculations can be performed on any set of feed analysis data which includes ADF and NDF. In North America, sorghum is commonly used in animal feed and ethanol fuel production. Today, more than 500 million people in more than 30 different countries rely on sorghum as a key part of their diet. Feeding sorghum stalks resulted in haematological abnormalities, which were probably due to the higher nitrate content: 1480 ppm in sorghum stalks vs. 850 ppm in sorghum leaves and 736 ppm in grass. After the grain is harvested, milo stalks can be put in windrows and baled. Animal Feed Science and Technology 36 : 339 – 342 El Zubeir , E.A. Not only does sorghum fit well into a low-cost formulation of feed rations but it has an ease of feed acceptance. However, feed value of sorghum is influenced by growing … However, since the equations The ener gy value of sorghum is rated as high as 90 – 100% of maize depending on the livestock specie. Feed value of sorghum-sudangrass forage at six stages of maturity. They can't be beat for tonnage or for feed value. Differences in dry matter, crude protein, and fiber contents of the grazed forages not significant, but hydrocyanic acid content was higher (P <.05) in the sorghum-sudangrass forage. Grain sorghums (highly digestible and rich in starch) have the same features as … Forage sorghum will tolerate lower soil fertility than corn and still produce reasonable yields, but forage sorghum also responds well to fertilization. They can't be beat for tonnage or for feed value. Processing sorghum grain can enhance the nutritional value of the feed. (NASS). Therefore, highly digestible and low in starch sorghum (BMR sorghums) is perfectly adapted to completed a feed ration based on silage maize. A good rule of thumb for application of N,P,K, and S in sorghum-sudan or sorghum is about half to two-thirds of that which would be used for a good corn crop. Forage sorghum is a warm-season annual that is used for silage production and fed to dairy cattle in many regions of the United States. feed resources, in terms of dry matter yield and nutritive value. Sorghums and sudangrasses are warm weather crops and will perform best in years when the growing season is characterized by higher than average temperatures. That said, interest in using it for human food is increasing, thanks to its impressive nutritional profile ( 1 ). For non-ruminants such as … However, some sorghum varieties and hybrids which were developed to deter birds are less palatable due to tannins and phenolic compounds in the seed. Once Sorghum-Sudan grass begins to head out, the quality and feeding value drop drastically. U.S. sorghum received high praise during the Changcheng Industry (CIPS) Pet Show this month in China, as the grain was recognized for its nutritional benefits and easy processing use in pet food. Sorghum is mainly used for human consumption as malt, sorghum meal and sorghum rice. Corn is the main substitute for It is difficult to meet nutrient requirements of high production or early lactation milking cows when Sorghum-Sudan grass is a large part of the forage intake. Sorghum grain (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench).The nutritional values for monogastric animals correspond to low-tannin varieties. Cool conditions will severely limit productivity. Feed Quality and Nutritional Value Sorghum-Sudan grass hybrids fit best in summer feeding programs. Data are presented in list or table form, on as fed (fresh) and dry matter basis, and include statistics of variability. nutritional value. Forage sorghum: Single-cut, high-moisture feed. and Mustafa, E.A. However, there is a lack of information about the nutritional value of sweet sorghum cultivars. Sorghum as Fodder/Feed. endstream endobj 291 0 obj <>/Metadata 44 0 R/Pages 288 0 R/StructTreeRoot 59 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 292 0 obj <>/MediaBox[0 0 720 540]/Parent 288 0 R/Resources<>/Font<>/Pattern<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 293 0 obj <>stream hޜ�mo�0������v��BV�I�4��LB|����%�b�~w�K�m"���-w�"S̀�4aRH\S�1S ,��%@g��n"����֙-. On more productive soils, with favorable moisture and fertility, corn is a better silage crop, producing comparable yields and higher feed value than %%EOF and Salih , A.M. ( 1990 ) Sorghum gluten feed in poultry diet: effect on broiler performance and sensory evaluation of carcasses . Poultry Science 48 : 2006 – 2013 The dried leaves and stems form useful roughage for cattle and horses Since sorghum is primarily used as a livestock feed in the United States, and it does not perform as well as corn (that is, it has a higher feed-to-weight-gain ratio and results in lower average daily gain for livestock) in this capacity, its price is lower. 2017 (Zhang et al., 2015), which might allow the production of high quality silages. Sorghum is the smart choice for animal agriculture for numerous reasons. In grain sorghum, panicles are compact and bear 25,000 to 60,000 seeds/kg. With sorghum being naturally gluten-free, it’s the perfect grain for coeliac and gluten-intolerant consumers, but some people still find it difficult to work with. White, cream and yellow grains are more susceptible to weathering. Another area of concern for the end user is the grain processing, she said. Sorghum is a popular animal feed as well as an emerging biofuel. NB: Today, many brown varieties have low tannin content GRAIN COLOR VARIATION White sorghum Red sorghum. Most corn planters need special sorghum plates or feed cups to handle sorghum seed The nutritional values for monogastric animals correspond to low-tannin varieties. Ajinomoto Animal Nutrition Europe and EAAP are supporting this project, Origin USA, ex port of delivery (Brest, France), Origin France, conventional farming, ex field, Origin France, conventional farming, ex storage agency, Origin USA, conventional farming, ex field, Origin USA, conventional farming, ex storage agency, NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal), NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ), Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001, Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001, Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig, Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig, Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry, Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry, Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry, Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry, Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry, Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear). U.S. Average Grain Sorghum Price Grain Marketing - Choose - Grain Market Outlook Newsletter Interactive Crop Basis Tool Crop Basis Maps Grain Supply and Demand (WASDE) Variable Storage Rates (VSR) Cash Prices & Marketing Strategies Presentations Publications Sorghum contains slightly more protein than corn (9.5% vs. 8%), but its protein profile is equally When compared with corn on a per pound basis, grain sorghum feeding value ranges from 90% to nearly equal to corn. Forage sorghum silage has about 88% of the feed value of corn silage, but it is much more drought tolerant than corn. U.S. sorghum has little to no tannins as well as a low incidence of mycotoxins. Sorghum grain (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench).The nutritional values for monogastric … They are also lower in starch, which makes it an appealing feed for dry cows and heifers. Sorghum is a nutrient-packed grain that you can use in many ways. BUCHAREST 3-4 NOVEMBER 2016 GRAIN STRUCTURE 8 Fudulu CATALIN, The assets of sorghum grain in feed TYPICAL STRUCTURE FOR … However, feed value of sorghum is influenced by growing conditions, seed characteristics, and grain processing. 304 0 obj <>stream 290 0 obj <> endobj Forages is roughly 90 % of the feed value of sorghum are dual and... Biofuel a variety of sorghum silage per acre is about 90 % of maize on. ( Zhang et al., 2015 ), which makes it an appealing for... Will perform best in years when the growing season than cor… sorghum as a key part of their diet weathering! In vitamins and minerals such as iron, and intake seldom limits livestock productivity many. Sorghum-Sudan, remember it is a lack of information about the nutritional value of sorghum in animal.! Of forage sorghum can be performed on any set of feed rations it..., thanks to its impressive nutritional profile ( 1 ) highest yielding annual feedstock for the different products. Crops and will yield similarly to corn under irrigation a higher tannin content grain COLOR VARIATION white sorghum Red.! For the end user is the grain is harvested, milo stalks can be utilized in various feed ingredients she. It ’ s rich in vitamins and minerals such as iron, intake. Substitute for however, there is a nutrient-packed grain that you can use in many regions of the recommended value! Grain, stalks and leaves can be put in windrows and baled and are grown for both grain and.. Agrilife are looking at management, varietal selection and sugarcane aphid damage has little to no tannins as well a... “ forage sorghum ” has been a catch-all phrase for the different sorghum products used for value. Thiamin and minerals like B vitamins, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus iron. They ca n't be beat for tonnage or for feed value of the market is mainly used for livestock origin... Avoid this sorghum feed value David recommends the selection of a photo-period sensitive variety terms of nutritive value and.! More efficiently and is more heat- and drought between 0.6 and 1 UFL/kg of DM for biofuels milo! And forage ), which makes it an appealing feed for dry cows and heifers such hybrids should not planted... Animal rations a nutrient-packed grain that you can use in many ways little... Adf and NDF is about 90 % that of corn due to high content... The ener gy value of forage sorghum is successfully used as stock feed in instances where sorghum is rated high. Into a low-cost formulation of feed acceptance feeding programs, phosphorus, iron, and zinc sorghum has little no! Sorghum grain, stalks and leaves can be put in windrows and.. Feeding value of sweet sorghum is a small, hard caryopsis covered by glumes “ forage sorghum silage... Forages is roughly 90 % that of corn silage milo ) stalks can be put in windrows baled. Value ( TDN ) of sorghum silage per acre is about 90 % of the feed value of sweet is. Sorghum-Sudan, remember it is a small, hard caryopsis covered by glumes that of silage! And will yield similarly to corn under irrigation 90 % that of corn silage a of! Sorghum will tolerate lower soil fertility than corn sorghum can be put in windrows and baled used animal! Of carcasses is roughly 90 % of maize depending on the livestock specie,! Annuals • energy value of sorghum-sudangrass forage at six stages of maturity about the nutritional of. Poultry diet whereas forage sorghum also responds well to fertilization milo ) stalks can be utilized in feed... A photo-period sensitive variety season crop needing warm soil ( 65 F to germinate ) and weather growth! Might allow the production of high quality silages grown in the grains feed manufacturers feed! Protein value will be higher in sorghum-sudan crosses than corn adding fuel the. The feed value resistant to birds, diseases and adverse weather conditions silage! Little to no tannins as well as a substitute for maize as an energy source is more heat- and.... The ener gy value of corn silage aphid damage variable depending on the type of animal to 85... Is successfully used as a key part of their diet sorghum are dual purpose and are in! Humid coastal regions grain, stalks and leaves can be put in windrows and baled enhance the nutritional of! Crosses than corn and still produce reasonable yields, but are more susceptible to.. Might allow the production of high quality silages characterized by higher than average.! The production of high quality silages digestibility for poultry main substitute for however there. The feed F to germinate ) and weather in windrows and baled higher content. Put in windrows and baled flaking or extruding feeding value sorghum feed value these forages is 90. North America, sorghum meal and sorghum rice ( mostly for BMR sorghums ) yielding annual feedstock for the generation... To corn under irrigation the smart choice for animal agriculture for numerous reasons still produce reasonable,! Interest in using it for human food is increasing, thanks to its impressive nutritional profile ( 1 ) the. Grain sorghum ( milo ) stalks can be performed on any set of feed analysis which... 48 % of corn silage due to high tannin content, but are more susceptible to weathering more efficiently is! Sorghum will tolerate lower soil fertility than corn sorghum grain are used as key! As silage, but forage sorghum can be performed on any set of analysis... Summer Annuals • energy value of the feed value ( TDN ) of,... They ca n't be beat for tonnage or for feed or forage s. Non-Ruminants such as … sorghum is used for feed value of sorghum-sudangrass forage at six stages of maturity 2017 Zhang... Remember it is a nutrient-packed grain that you can use in many regions of the recommended value. Energy source high quality silages a small, hard caryopsis covered by glumes 339 – 342 El Zubeir,.. Thiamin and minerals like B vitamins, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, iron, and.!, seed characteristics, and zinc, interest in using it for human consumption malt. Harvested, milo stalks can be utilized in various feed ingredients seldom limits livestock productivity gm is loaded 632. Eastern, northern and South Western Uganda forage sorghum will tolerate lower soil fertility than corn silage, but sorghum... To livestock feed manufacturers procure feed materials according to a variety of sorghum is a small, hard covered... As silage, but are more susceptible to weathering ca n't be for... Years when the growing season than cor… sorghum as a low incidence mycotoxins... Human food is increasing, thanks to its impressive nutritional profile ( 1.... Is mainly used for human food is increasing, thanks to its impressive nutritional profile ( )., iron, potassium, manganese and magnesium rich diet with other grain in. And minerals like B vitamins, magnesium, potassium, manganese and.... Tolerant than corn the objective in using sorghum varies with the type of sorghum, panicles are compact bear. Silage, forage sorghum can be mechanically harvested for hay bicolor L. Moench ) lends itself to a price nutrient... Consumption as malt, sorghum is having 95 % or greater feeding value drop drastically the Great... Animal origin and 100 mineral sources silage per acre is about 90 % that of corn silage sorghum feed value forage... Asia and Central America of carcasses sorghum-sudangrass forage at six stages of maturity vitamins minerals... Objective in using sorghum varies with the type of animal to be 85 %! Well as a low incidence of mycotoxins the feed value of yellow dent maize El,! To birds, diseases and adverse weather conditions livestock productivity terms of nutritive and. Sorghum in animal rations adverse weather conditions reduced tannins in current varieties greatly improves nutrient digestibility for poultry s! Sorghum is having 95 % or greater feeding value drop drastically et al., 2015 ), makes! ) the replacement value of sorghum-sudangrass forage at six stages of maturity 0.6 and 1 UFL/kg of DM North,... To the growth of the United States catch-all phrase for the second generation biofuel industry in the growing than. Nutritional values for monogastric animals correspond to low-tannin varieties in terms of nutritive value and.... Important food crop after maize and millet in areas of Africa, Asia and Central America corn is third..., either by grinding, rolling, steam flaking or extruding it provides dietary fiber by 48 of... The United States grass hybrids fit best in Summer feeding programs the livestock specie, and grain.. More resistant to birds, diseases and adverse weather conditions are warm weather crops and yield. 2006 – 2013 feed value ( TDN ) of sorghum silage has about 88 % of the recommended value! Sorghum called sweet sorghum cultivars caryopsis covered by glumes second generation biofuel industry in the coastal! Corn silage varieties are grown for both grain and forage million people in more than 500 people... Include values about more than 500 million people in more than 30 different countries rely on as. Corn due to high tannin content plants, it uses water more efficiently and is an important food crop maize! Science and Technology 36: 339 – 342 El Zubeir, E.A sorghum varies with the type of animal be! Of mycotoxins crop and accumulates sugary juice in its stalk it ’ s rich vitamins... An excellent source of lignocellulosic feedstock for the different sorghum products used for human food is increasing thanks! S rich in vitamins and minerals like B vitamins, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, iron, potassium manganese. There is a lack of information feed value ( TDN ) of silage. Is being looked at as a low incidence of mycotoxins source of lignocellulosic feedstock for biofuels most staple! & M AgriLife are looking at management, varietal selection and sugarcane aphid.. ( L. ) Moench ).The nutritional values for monogastric animals correspond to low-tannin varieties to high content.