Arsenault, Anthony Alan (2008). The largest unmanaged herd of Roosevelt Elk is in Olympic National Park in Washington State and consists of nearly 5,000 elk. [2] In both subspecies, mature bulls weigh from 700–1200 lbs. None of the top 10 Roosevelt elk would score in the top 20 of Pope and Young's Rocky Mountain elk. The average mature bull elk will be about 5 feet tall at the shoulder, 8 feet long, and weigh about 700 pounds. – Moose’s’ palmate antlers are comparable to elk’s widely branched dendritic antlers. Both bulls and cows are strong swimmers. Bull elks can move silently through forests at speeds up to 35 miles per hour. Sign up for our monthly Wolves and Wildlife Newsletter! Roosevelt Elk Species Profile Alaska Department Of Fish And Game ... out dressed how much meat to pack out on an elk how much does a bull elk weigh and why every hunter should know how much does an elk weigh the survival life. We usually come out in 1 trip (2 guys) and 80-110 pounds is usually turned in from each person (for rocky mountains), but I've shot a couple bulls in Western Oregon that seemed like they weighed as much as a moose....those take more trips Mar 21, 2012 #2 Roosevelt Elk, named after President Theodore Roosevelt, inhabit the rainforests of Oregon and Washington and were introduced to Kodiak, Alaska, in … [6] Roosevelt elk bulls generally weigh between 700 and 1,100 lb (300–500 kg), while cows weigh 575–625 lb (260–285 kg). This is the smallest elk of the three. – In comparing these big-made deer species, moose ranks top among all the Cervids in terms of body size, while elk is the second., Bulls average between 700 and 1100 lbs; cows average between 575 and 625 lbs, Old growth forests with breaks in the canopy allowing sunlight to reach the floor. 5) An Elk Stomach Has Chambers An elk's stomach has four chambers; the first stores food, and the other three digest it. Their natural predators include the gray wolf (which are making a comeback in northeastern Oregon but have been extirpated in western Oregon) and mountain lions, which usually thin herds by taking old and weak elk. Antlers are made of bone which can grow at a rate of 2.5 centimeters (0.98 in) per day. Creative forest management practices are needed to provide breaks in the canopy while maintaining old growth stands that will allow for vegetation that is essential to elk and many other species. [8] The following year he created Olympic National Park. A bull’s antler, which the cow does not have, also adds about 40 pounds to its weight. The Roosevelt Elk is also muc… I shot a 5-point bull yesterday afternoon and haven't weighed him yet but I bet the hind quarters are around 60 pounds each. Elk bulls generally weigh between 700 and 1100 lb (300–500 kg) while cows weigh 575–625 lb (260–285 kg). Typically they enjoy open lands where they can walk freely and graze on grasses, however they often prefer a mix of old growth stands and edge environments. (Alaska Fish and Game) - A male elk can lose as much as 100-200 pounds during the rut -- as much as 20% of their body weight. Some mature bulls from Raspberry Island in Alaska have weighed nearly 1,300 lb (600 kg). Roosevelt Elk Safety. Named for President Theodore Roosevelt, they are the largest variety of elk in North America. A hunting license and open season are required to hunt them. [6] The Roosevelt elk is also known to eat blueberries, mushrooms, lichens, and salmonberries. – Moose has hanging dewlaps that elk does not. The percentages of total weight made up by those hog-dressed weights had a mean of 75 and varied from 67 to 82. state: "A mature bull elk in prime condition will weigh 700 to 1,000 pounds and an average cow in good shape between 400 and 700 pounds. All 6-point bulls weigh a ton and all moose (and Cape buffalo) weigh 2 tons. it provides a good starting point for hunters who want an idea of just how much meat is in a cow, bull or calf elk. Male tule elk weigh 204–318 kg (450–701 lb) while females weigh 170–191 kg (375–421 lb). Tule and Roosevelt elk bulls and cows weigh an average of 400 lbs. Roosevelt Elk – Cervus elaphus roosevelti. Next Article . This is obviously much larger than the average whitetail or mule deer, and should be taken into consideration when hunting. That is the only quarter I weighed just for curiosity and was an older bull than the one in your video. Elk antlers can grow to seven or eight points each, can have a length and spread of four feet and can weigh 20 pounds each. very carefully weighed a freshly killed bull elk at every stage, from on the ground before any processing, all the way through to retail cuts. Exp. Sta., Laramie. 541.886.0212  |  Enterprise office Quimby and Johnson (1951:58) found that hog-dressed weights of 22 Rocky Mountain elk averaged 67 percent of whole weight. The Roosevelt elk grows to around 6–10 ft (1.8–3 m) in length and stands 2.5–5.6 ft (0.75–1.7 m)[9] tall at the withers. Females (cows) average 700 pounds. A mature bull will weigh about a thousand pounds or more, while a cow will weigh about 600 pounds. Want regular news on our efforts to protect Oregon's imperiled wildlife, and what you can do to help. Hepworth.1973b. Identification: Olympic National Park is home to the largest unmanaged herd of Roosevelt elk in the Pacific Northwest. In fact, Roosevelt elk in Alaska have been recorded as weighing as much as 1,300 pounds. Adult elk cows can weigh anywhere between 496 to 531 pounds (about 225 to 241 kilograms) while bulls can weigh from 700 to 730 pounds (about 320 to 331 kilograms). A large cow will weigh about 350 with one or two a year around 380. Elk play an important part in life cycle of the forest by clearing understory vegetation which makes way for other plant and animal species. High-pitched squeal: Newborn to its mother, who recognizes her calf by its voice. A mature Rocky Mountain elk bull can weigh between 500 and 1000 pounds with the average weight being around 700 pounds. Bull.594. Some mature bulls from Raspberry Island in Alaska have weighed nearly 1300 lb (600 kg). I have scaled some of them. Adult males (bulls) are typically 40 % larger than their female counterparts (cows) and weigh on average 320 - 331 kg (705 - 730 lb). Bull Roosevelt Elk are known to live up to sixteen years in the wild, with some cows living up to twenty-one years old. Get the best deals on Elk Horns & Antlers when you shop the largest online selection at This is the largest of the elk species. Bark: Warning of danger. Prev Article. and 900 lbs., and 300 lbs. Most will hang hide on hooves on @ 400-450 on my scale. Learn more about the Roosevelt Elk … What Do Elk Antlers Weigh? The Roosevelt Elk, named for Theodore Roosevelt, is the largest of the four remaining North American elk subspecies. So a 600 lb bull will give you around 200 lbs of useable meat. ... Calves weigh around 15 – 16 kilograms (33 – 35 pounds) at birth. the elk for which whole weights were also obtained. 6 pp.) The study (R.A. Field, F.C Smith, and W.G. During summer months, a bull elk’s antlers can grow one inch per day. The Elk Carcass. Wyoming Ag. The Roosevelt elk is the largest elk, and these enormous deer weighs between 570 pounds and 1,100 pounds (258 to 498 kg). The majestic Roosevelt elk is indigenous to Vancouver Island and is the purest strain of Roosevelt elk left in North America. I have killed and cut/wrapped over 20 cow elk in my life. [1] Some mature bulls from Raspberry Island in Alaska have weighed nearly 1,300 lb (600 kg). You can quickly see that packing an elk is whole ‘nuther ballgame than packing a deer, as even elk calves can weigh more than 4½ year old mule deer bucks (See Table 3 below). I have seen one go 475 with hide and hooves and it was much bigger than average. Elk, depending on sex and subspecies, have a shoulder height between 4.5 to 5 feet. The desire to protect the Roosevelt elk was one of the primary forces behind the establishment of the Mount Olympus National Monument in 1909 by President Theodore Roosevelt. An elk calf weighs approximately 35 pounds (15 kg) when they are born. I … I know this because of information obtained by first-time hunters, and the statistics have been backed up by magazine writers. Missing lynx: Advocates challenge Feds’ refusal to prepare recovery plan, Trump Administration Strips Protections from Gray Wolves, Trump Administration Proposes Rollback of Old Growth Protections in Eastern Oregon, Breakthrough Forest Legislation Passes Oregon Legislature, Conservation Groups Withdraw from Northern Blues Forest Collaborative. [6], This elk subspecies, Cervus canadensis roosevelti, was reintroduced to British Columbia's Sunshine Coast from Vancouver Island in 1986.[10]. 541.382-2616  |  Bend office A newborn calf weighs about 8 pounds at birth. Recommended viewing distance is 25 yards (75 feet), but for your safety, farther distances are recommended in the spring and fall. Adult elk weigh 600 to 800 pounds, and adult cows typically weigh 400 to 500 pounds. It is the largest of the four surviving subspecies of elk (Cervus canadensis) in North America by body mass,[1] although by antler size, both the Boone and Crockett (rifle) and Pope and Young (bow) records have Rocky Mountain elk being larger. Cow elk can range from 300 to 600 lbs with an average nose to tail measurement of 6.5 feet. This provides cover from the weather and predators. Roosevelt elk bulls generally weigh between 700 and 1,100 lb (300–500 kg), while cows weigh 575–625 lb (260–285 kg). Males (bulls) average 875 pounds, but bulls weighing nearly 1300 pounds have been found in Alaska. In my experience big mule deer does weigh at least 200 pounds and spike and cow elk weigh 900. Most cow elk weigh around 250 lbs. In fact the first name suggested for what is now Olympic National Park was Elk National Park, as it was intended to be a reserve for dwindling elk herds. [6] During winter months, it feeds on woody plants, including highbush cranberry, elderberry, devil's club, and newly planted seedlings (Douglas-fir and western redcedar). The bones in an elk hind quarter would be about 8-10 pounds. Currently habitat loss and fragmentation due to logging and road construction threaten these unique elk. At the start of its first winter, an elk may weigh five times as much as when it was born. As the largest subspecies of North American elk (bulls can weigh as much as 1,200 pounds), Roosevelt elk are a majestic sight, but can pose hazards depending on the season. Photo: Lori Iverson / USFWS. cit.) ... Roosevelt elk and Rocky Mountain elk are classified as game animals (WAC 220-400-020). My bull out of the Missouri river breaks in 2016 had a hind quarter weight of 64 lbs. Roosevelt elk, Schwartz and Mitchell (op. Univ. Males (bulls) average 875 pounds, but bulls weighing nearly 1300 pounds have been found in Alaska. Their 8-page publication “The Elk Carcass” provides an in depth look at the data collected from actual hunter harvested elk. 5825 North Greeley, Portland, OR 97217 It was introduced to Alaska's Afognak, Kodiak, and Raspberry Islands in 1928 [4][5][6] and reintroduced to British Columbia's Sunshine Coast from Vancouver Island in 1986.[7]. Elk possess a 4 chambered stomach and can consume up to 20 lbs of vegetation a day. I cut and wrap my own and do not include any bones in my meat. "Saskatchewan Elk (Cervus elaphus) Management Plan - Update", p.2: "1.1.2 - Physical Description", temperate rainforests of the Pacific Northwest,, Return of the elk to the B.C. Females (cows) average 700 pounds. A large bull 6X6 will weigh around 400, the biggest we have ever processed was a little over 500 lbs. Roosevelt Elk inherited their byname through President Theodore Roosevelt in the early 1900s; their formal name is Olympic Elk and in the late 1800s, they were nearing extinction as a result of inadequate hunting guidelines and conservation practices. Google+. Most "average" elk will be more in the 65 pound range. [3] Its geographic range includes temperate rainforests of the Pacific Northwest, extending to parts of northern California. The average bull will be about 350 lbs. - An elk's antlers can weigh as much as 40 pounds and be up to 4 feet in length. Email. The Roosevelt Elk, named for Theodore Roosevelt, is the largest of the four remaining North American elk subspecies. It is estimated that nearly 10 million elk lived in North America prior to 1500 and were reduced to less than 100,000 by 1907. ROOSEVELT ELK HUNTS - VANCOUVER ISLAND Trophy elk hunting on Vancouver Island! Free shipping on many items | Browse your favorite brands | affordable prices. Chirps, mews and miscellaneous squeals: General conversation among the group. A mature Tulle Bull elk will weigh about 550 pounds, while a female will weigh about 350 pounds. Share. The Roosevelt elk (Cervus canadensis roosevelti), also known commonly as the Olympic elk and Roosevelt's wapiti. From this study, some easy rules of … In 1928 they were introduced to the Afognak and Raspberry islands off the coast of Alaska and are thriving there. Elk habitat is also being reduced by forest management practices that are keeping sunlight from reaching the forest floor and providing the vegetation they eat – such as clearcutting and replanting dense tree plantations. Their data were also much less variable than ours. Only male elk have antlers. [1], From late spring to early fall, the Roosevelt elk feeds upon herbaceous plants, such as grasses and sedges. These elk are seasonally migratory, spending the summer months in the mountains and on snow fields and moving to lower elevations in the winter to avoid winter storms and find food. Cow elk can weigh more than 500 pounds (225 kg), stand 4-1/2 feet (1.3 m) at the shoulder, and With thick bodies, short tails, and long legs, adult elk stand 4.5 to 5 feet high at the shoulder. – Skin colour is darker in moose than in elk. Two adult females weighed 405 and 425 pounds, respectively; both were in poor condition, and unquestionably from A bull elk at National Elk Refuge. Later in 1937, President Franklin D. Roosevelt visited the region and saw the elk named after his relative. These elk also have the largest antlers of all elk species, reaching lengths of up to four feet with a distinctive thee-point tip, or crown and the end. and it came from a game ranch. 541.344.0675  |  Eugene office The largest of the elk species, a mature bull can weigh in access of 1000 pounds. As far as body size goes, the Rocky Mountain elk is the second smallest elk subspecies, ahead of the Tule elk, but behind the Roosevelt and the Manitoban. The Roosevelt Elk lives primarily on the western slopes of the Coastal and Cascade Ranges from northern California up to southern British Columbia. More typically, male Roosevelt elk weigh around 318 to 499 kg (701 to 1,100 lb), while females weigh 261 to 283 kg (575 to 624 lb). Elk are among the noisiest ungulates, communicating danger quickly and identifying each other by sound. Roosevelt Elk . [6], In the wild, the Roosevelt elk rarely lives beyond 12 to 15 years, but in captivity it has been known to live over 25 years. A mature bull will weigh about 700 pounds and stand 5 feet tall at the shoulder. 503.283.6343  |  Portland office The best way of estimating yield from an elk comes to us from the University of Wyoming. and 600 lbs., respectively. Some species of elk such as the Roosevelt elk do not migrate due to less seasonal variability of food sources. Lower Mainland,, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 17:16. Tweet. These elk also have the largest antlers of all elk species, reaching lengths of up to four feet with a distinctive thee-point tip, or crown and the end. From late spring to early fall, Roosevelt Elk feed on herbaceous plants such as grasses and sedges. The Roosevelt subspecies of elk found in the coastal Pacific Northwest (primarily Oregon and Washington) are larger. The Roosevelt Elk is also much darker than other elk species, often with a dark brown or even black neck and a tan body. The Roosevelt elk grows to around 6–10 ft (1.8–3 m) in length and stands 2.5–5.6 ft (0.75–1.7 m) tall at the withers. with very rare large bulls weighing more.